Mobility Network and Safety

Adriana Galderisi, Andrea Ceudech

Abstract


Mobility network is crucial for ensuring territorial safety with respect to natural and technological hazards.
They represent a basic support to community’s everyday life although being exposed elements often
characterized by high vulnerability to different hazards and, in the meanwhile, strategic equipments for
emergency management. Physical damages or the lack in functioning of those networks may greatly
increase the loss of human lives caused by hazardous events as well as produce relevant economic
damages at medium and long term. Although the relevance of the mobility networks in assuring territorial
safety is at present largely recognized, risk analyses have been long focused on buildings’ vulnerability or,
even where they have paid attention to mobility network, they have been mainly focused on the physical
damages that a given hazard could may induce on individual elements of such network. It is recent the
awareness that mobility network represents a system, characterized by relevant interdependences both
among its elements and among network infrastructures and urban systems. Based on these assumptions,
this paper points out the heterogeneous aspects of the mobility network vulnerability and their relevance in
increasing the overall territorial or urban vulnerability to hazardous events. Therefore, an in-depth
investigation of the concept of mobility network vulnerability is provided, in order to highlight the aspects
mostly investigated and more recent research perspectives. Finally, a case study in the Campania Region is
presented in order to point out how traditional risk analyses, generally referred to individual hazards, can
sometimes led to invest in the mobility network improvement or development which, targeted to increase
the security of a territory result, on the opposite, in an increase of the territorial vulnerability.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/122

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunina-11735

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Direttore responsabile: Rocco Papa | print ISSN 1970-9889 | on line ISSN 1970-9870 | © 2008 | Registrazione: Cancelleria del Tribunale di Napoli, n° 6, 29/01/2008 | Rivista realizzata con Open Journal System e pubblicata dal Centro di Ateneo per le Biblioteche dell'Università di Napoli Federico II.