European Strategies for Smarter Cities

  • Alessandra Barresi Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria - Dipartimento di Architettura e Territorio
  • Gabriella Pultrone Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria - Dipartimento di Architettura e Territorio
Keywords: European cities, ICT, Innovation, Participation, Smart strategies for sustainability

Abstract

On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a rich social fabric go hand in hand, the social capital being able to produce an added value for the cities. We are exactly in a new phase of urban growth centred on the economy of services characterized by widespread digital technologies and new innovative organization patterns, which encourage the participation in the civic policy processes through the realization of structures to share information and data so as to define intervention policies. The most recent studies and trials about innovation and competitiveness, such as the examples illustrated in the present work (Amsterdam, Paredes, Aarhus and Gent) show a growing interest in measuring the relationship between innovation and economic growth at various territorial levels, key factors in conceiving inclusive smart strategies, linked to principles of sustainability and territorial cohesion, and building smarter cities. In the light of these remarks, the article is divided into three parts: the first part is focussed on the above-mentioned central issues of the international debate; the second part examines four significant European initiatives; the third part draws preliminary conclusions and directions for further research.

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Author Biographies

Alessandra Barresi, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria - Dipartimento di Architettura e Territorio

Town Planning Researcher at the  University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria; Ph.D.  in “Urban and Territorial Planning ”; Advanced Professional training at the High School in “Town Techniques for metropolitan areas” at University of Studies in Rome “La Sapienza”; qualification to the practice of the profession 1990; Degree in Architecture; Teaching of Urban Planning inside the five years Degree in Architecture at the University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria.

Gabriella Pultrone, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria - Dipartimento di Architettura e Territorio

Architect, Ph.D., Researcher in Urban Planning at the University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, where she teaches Urban Planning and is member of the Teaching Body of the Research Doctorate in Architecture. Principal fields of research: Territorial and Urban Planning; The Identity of the Mediterranean Basin, its urban settlements and territorial organization; Strategies and prospects of sustainable development; Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Local Development; Smart Cities.

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Published
2013-04-08
How to Cite
Barresi, A., & Pultrone, G. (2013). European Strategies for Smarter Cities. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 6(1), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/1455