Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City
The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs) is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cities targeted to sustainable and smarter models.As a matter of fact, almost all the projects to get a “smart city” are based on the idea of joining the potentialities of ICTs and the needs of urban management through people living or using the city.In such a vision, “tourist dimension” of the city becomes fundamental in promoting urban image as well as in improving efficiency of the city. This efficiency also depends on the capability of each city to share historical and cultural heritage as “common good”.As tourist demand has deeply changed also driven by technological development, this paper tries to investigate how the urban supply will change in order to meet the rising demand of quality and efficiency. The transition to smart tourist destination currently seems to be strongly connected with the number and the variety of apps to improve the “experiential component”. A lack of interest there seems to be in finding strategies and policies oriented to plan the urban supply of services tourist or not.This consideration, if shared, opens up new perspectives for research and experimentation in which city planning could have a key-role also in proposing an holistic approach to city development towards smart city.
AA.VV. (2007), Smart Cities-Ranking of European Medium Sized Cities, Centre of Regional Science Wien Unioversity of Technology, available at http://www.smart-cities.eu
ABB Power and productivity for a better word European House Ambrosetti (2012), Smart Cities in Italia: un’opportunità nello spirito del Rinascimento per una nuova qualità della vita, available at http://www.abb.it and www.ambrosetti.eu
Bolici R. e Mora L. (2012), Dalla Smart City alla Smart Region. Governare la transizione intelligente delle polarità urbane, available at http://forges.forumpa.it
Cairncross, F. (1997), The Death of Distance. How the Communications Revolutions Will Chance Our Lifes, Harvard Business School Press.
Cohen, B. (2012) The Top 10 Smartest European Cities, Co.EXIST, http://www.fastcoexist.com/1680856/the-top-10-smartest-european-cities#1
EfficienCITIES. Città-modello per lo sviluppo del Paese, progetto di ricerca Siemens realizzato da Cittalia, available at http://www.swe.siemens.com
Fistola, R. (2013), “Smart city. Riflessioni sull’inteklligenza urbana”, TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment, DICEA – Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II vol 6, n. 1(2013) Smart Cities: Researches, Projects and Good Practices for the City, http://www.tema.unina.it
Florida, R. (2012) The Rise of the Creative Class, Revisited , Basic Books
Gilder, G. (2000) TELECOSM: How Infinite Bandwidth will Revolutionize Our World, Free Press, NY.
Gnudi, P. e Bergami, M. (2013), TURISMO ITALIA 2020 LEADERSHIP, LAVORO, SUD Piano strategico per lo sviluppo del turismo in Italia, Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri Dipartimento per gli Affari Regionali, il Turismo e lo Sport, Roma.
Graham S. and Marvin S. (1996), Telecommunications and the city. Eletronic spaces urban spaces, Routledge, NY.
Kennedy-Eden, H. and Ulrike G. (2012) “A Taxonomy of Mobile Applications in Tourism”, e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), Vol. 10, No. 2, 2012, http://ertr.tamu.edu
La Rocca, R.A. (2003), Turismo turismi e città, Dipartimento di Pianificazione e Scienza del Territorio Univbersità degli studi di Napoli Federico II Collana Dottorato e Giovani Ricercatori n. 2/2003, Giannini Editore Napoli.
La Rocca, R.A. (2011) “Mobilità sostenibile e stili di vita”, TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment, vol 4 n. 2 (2011) Green Mobility, DICEA – Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, http://www.tema.unina.it
Maguer, A. (2011), Comment les nouvelles technologies valorisent elles le séjour touristique ?, Institute d’Aménagement de tourisme et d’Urbanisme,
Mitchell, W.J. (1996) The City of Bits, MIT Press Paperback Edition
Papa, R., Gargiulo, C., Galderisi A., (2013) “Towards an Urban Planners Perspective on Smart Cities”, TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment, vol 6, n. 1(2013) Smart Cities: Researches, Projects and Good Practices for the City, DICEA – Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, http://www.tema.unina.it
Sanchez Chillon P. (2012) “From Vacation Spots to Smart Destinations: technology and tourism, qr, apps and augmented reality for cities”, Urban 360°, http://www.urban360.me
Testa, P. (2012) ed Smart Cities nel mondo, Cittalia Fondazione ANCI Ricerche, available at http://www.cittalia.it
Vianello, M. (2013), Smart cities. Gestire la complessità urbana nell’era di Internet, Maggioli editore.
Copyright (c) 2014 Tema. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.
3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access)