Urban Labelling: Resilience and Vulnerability as Key Concepts for a Sustainable Planning

  • Giuseppe Mazzeo Istituto di Studi sulle Società del Mediterraneo (ISSM) – Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile ed Ambientale (DICEA) – Università di Napoli Federico II
Keywords: Urban labelling, Sustainability, Resilience, Vulnerability, Action plans

Abstract

Planning and implementation of sustainable urban neighborhoods has led in Europe and in other countries to the development of some recognized best practices. Each of these cases has followed specific aims and methodologies but it is still far the systematization of the results and the translation of the good practices into action lines.  The paper involves the necessity of new tools for local planning directed to the overall sustainability of the city. Sustainable energy, reduction of the climate-change causes, waste reduction, attention to water resources and to the natural ones are specific operational elements. A possible way to face this challenge is to consider the potentialities of executive plans addressed to increase the sustainability of urban areas starting from limited portions of they. These plans should foresee the minimum impact of volumes and functions to be set up, will provide for the realization of public spaces with zero or almost zero impact, will promote the integration of all the technologies to reduce consumption and encourage energy generation, in order to increase the resilience of the city reducing its vulnerability.  On this basis, aim of the paper is to deepen the issue of the measure of the expected results. To this purpose it is necessary to structure a new certification system (Urban Labelling) that can be able to assign a specific sustainability level to a plan using both traditional and new indexes. The same system can also be applied to existing urban areas and as a basis for evaluating reward operations. The impact of the new tool will be cultural (to switch by a description to the facts in relation to urban sustainability), economic (to involve the supply chain from design, implementation, and urban transformation) and technological (the sustainability of urban areas requires the use of advanced technologies not only for the buildings but also in the control of green areas, public spaces and mobility).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Giuseppe Mazzeo, Istituto di Studi sulle Società del Mediterraneo (ISSM) – Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile ed Ambientale (DICEA) – Università di Napoli Federico II
Researcher of the National Research Council (Institute of Studies on the Mediterranean Systems in Naples). He has taught Environmental Impact Assessment at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Parthenope University of Naples, and Urban Planning Technique at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Naples Federico II. It carries out research activity at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA, University of Naples Federico II) in the territorial planning, strategic environmental assessment and urban regeneration fields.

References

CASBEE (2012), CASBEE for Cities, Technical Manual, Japan Sustainable Building Consortium.

Cole, R.J. (2011), Environmental Issues Past, Present & Future: Changing Priorities & Responsibilities for Building Design, Proc. SB11, Helsinki.

Di Ludovico, D. (2011), “Valutazione e quadri conoscitivi”, in AAVV, Rapporto dal Territorio 2010, Roma: INU Edizioni, 431-442.

EEA (2012), Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe, Technical Report 2/2012, Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.

EEA (2013), Achieving energy efficiency through behaviour change: what does it take?, Technical Report 5/2013, Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.

EPA – Malaga City Council (2012), Sustainable urban models, Malaga: CAT-MED Project, http://www.catmed.eu/.

Fabietti, W. (ed) (1999), Vulnerabilità e trasformazione dello spazio fisico, Bologna: Alinea Editrice.

Hassler, U., Kohler, N. (2014), “Resilience in the built environment”, Building Research & Information, 42:2, 119-129.

ISDR (2004), Living with Risk. A Global Review of Disaster Reduction Initiatives, www.unisdr.org.

LEED (2013), LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development, Congress for the New Urbanism, Natural Resources Defense Council, and the U.S. Green Building Council, Washington, update 2013, DC.

Loarie, S.R., Duffy, P.H., Hamilton, H., Asner, G.P., Field, C.B., Ackerly, D.D. (2009), “The velocity of climate change”, Nature, 462, 1052-1055.

Mazzeo, G. (2013), “City and energy infrastructures between economic processes and urban planning”, TeMA – Journal of land use, mobility and environment, 6:3, 311-324.

Mazzeo, G. (2014), “Labelling urbano come programma di lavoro sulla città”, Eyesreg, 4:1, 27-30.

Medd, W., Marvin, S. (2005), “From the Politics of Urgency to the Governance of Preparedness: A Research Agenda on Urban Vulnerability”, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 13, 2: 44-49.

Moccia, F.D. (2013), “Ecological restoration methodology”, in F.D. Moccia, M. F. Palestino (eds.), Planning Stormwater Resilient Urban Open Spaces, Clean Edizioni, Napoli.

Rapoport, A. (Ed.) (1976), The mutual interaction of people and their built environment: A cross-cultural perspective, Chicago: Aldine.

Rosensweig, C., Solecki, W.D. (eds) (2001), Climate Change and a Global City: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change-Metro East Coast. Report for the US Global Change Research Program, National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for the United States, New York: Columbia Earth Institute.

Schön, D. A. (1983), The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action, (Vol. 5126). New York: Basic Books.

Stone, B. Jr. (2005), “An emerging role for planners in the climate change debate”, in Journal of American Planning Association, 71, 1: 13-25.

Tyler, S., Moench, M. (2012), “A framework for urban climate resilience”, Climate and Development, 4, 4: 311-326.

UN, (2013), World Population Prospects. The 2012 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, WP 228, New York: United Nations.

Villagran De Leon, J.C. (2006), Vulnerability. A Conceptual and Methodological Review, Publication Series n. 4-2006, UNU-EHS, Bonn.

Published
2014-05-12
How to Cite
Mazzeo, G. (2014). Urban Labelling: Resilience and Vulnerability as Key Concepts for a Sustainable Planning. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2483