Achieving People Friendly Accessibility. Key Concepts and a Case Study Overview
AbstractThe present paper stems from the evidence that one of the reasons of the “crisis” of today's cities probably depend on mobility issues. But what should be done to confront all the negative impacts of passenger transportation, without curbing mobility? Can Urban Engineering be applied to promote a friendlier mobility, that should be not only environment and climate friendly, but user friendly as well? And how? A "people friendly" accessibility approach is presented and conceived as a solution to better integrate land uses with the transport system, satisfying people's expectations (especially those of vulnerable users) to easily reach the opportunities they wish to engage with. The case study of Amsterdam, as walkable and cycle friendly city, is briefly presented and reveal good practices in the field of urban and mobility planning. Finally, an isochronical accessibility analysis of Amsterdam is applied: it represent catchment areas of railways stations and of supermarkets, and it highlights how much the structure of the city supports bicycle use.
Banister, D. (2008), “The sustainable mobility paradigm”, Transport Policy, Elsevier, 15: 73-80.
Benevolo, L. (2012), Il tracollo dell’urbanistica italiana, Editori Laterza, Roma-Bari.
Bertolini, L. (2012), “Integrating Mobility and Urban Development Agendas: a Manifesto”, The Planning Review, Routledge, 48(1): 16-26.
Busi, R. (2013), “L’accessibilità come valore etico e sociale”, in Pezzagno M. (ed.), Living and Walking in Cities. Cultures and Techniques for Accessibility, Egaf, Forlì.
Busi, R. (2010), “For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City”, TeMA, 3(SP): 39-46.
Busi, R. (2011), “Methods, Techniques and Policies for Mobility in the Friendly City”, TeMA, 4(2):7-18.
Busi, R. (2012), “Multiplicity and complexity in interpreting the meaning of ‘friendly city’”, in Pezzagno M., Docchio S. (eds.), Living and walking in cities. Sustainable mobility and road safety, XVIII International Conference, Egaf, Forlì.
Campos Venuti, G. (1999), “Il trasporto su ferro per trasformare le città: Roma a confronto con le metropoli europee”, Urbanistica, 112: 37-46.
Campos Venuti G. (2010), Città senza cultura. Intervista sull’Urbanistica, Editori Laterza, Bari.
Dutch Ministry of Transport and Public Works (1990), Second Transport Structure Plan, Ministry of Transport and Public Works, The Hague.
European Commission (2011), White Paper. Roadmap to a Single European transport Area. Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system, EU Publications office, Brussels.
European Commission (2012), EU transport in Figures. Statistical pocketbook 2012, Publication office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
Foletta, N., Field, S. (2011), Europe’s Vibrant New Low Car(bon) Communities, ITDP, New York.
Handy, S. (2002), Accessibility vs Mobility. Enhancing Strategies for Addressing Automobile Dependence in the U.S, Institute for Transportation Studies, UC Davies.
Hull, A., Silva, C., Bertolini, L. (2012), Accessibility Instruments for Planning Practice in Europe, Clássica Artes Gráficas SA, Portugal.
Le Clerq, F., Bertolini, L. (2003), Achieving Sustainable Accessibility: an Evaluation of Policy Measures in the Amsterdam Area, Built Environment, 29(1): 36-47.
Marshall, S. (2001), “The challenge of sustainable transport”, in Layard A., Davoudi S., Batty S. (eds.), Planning for a sustainable future, Spon, London, 131-147.
Martens, M.J., Van Griethuysen, S. (1999), The ABC Location Policy in The Netherlands. The Right Business at the Right Place, TNO-INRO, Delft.
Salzano, E. (2003), Fondamenti di urbanistica. La storia e la norma, Editori Laterza, Roma-Bari.
Santos, G., Behrendt, H., Teytelboym, A. (2010), “Part I: Policy Instruments for Sustainable Road Transport”, Research in Transportation Economics, 28(1): 46-91.
Scheurer, J. (2001), Urban Ecology. Innovations in housing policy and the future of cities. Towards sustainability in neighbourhood communities, Murdoch University, Perth.
Tiboni, M., Rossetti, S. (2012), “L'utente debole quale misura dell'attrattività urbana”, TeMA, 5(3): 91-102.
Tiboni, M., Rossetti, S. (2011), “The Role of Urban Planning into a long-term Climate Friendly Transport Vision”, in Radmilovič Z., Čišic D. (eds.), Shaping Climate Friendly Transport in Europe: Key Findings & Future Directions, University of Belgrade Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Belgrade.
Tira, M. (1999), “Comfort, sicurezza e accessibilità”, Paesaggio Urbano, mag-giu, 58-63.
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2001), Mobility 2001. World mobility at the end of the twentieth century and its sustainability, Atar Roto Presse, Geneva.
World Health Organization Regional office for Europe (WHO Europe) (2004), Racioppi F., Eriksson L., Tingvall C., Villaveces A. (edited by), Preventing Road traffic Injury: a Public Health Perspective for Europe, WHO, Copenhagen.
Copyright (c) 2014 Tema. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:
1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.
3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access)