Landscape Planning and Ecological Networks. Part B. A Rural System in Nuoro, Sardinia

  • Andrea De Montis Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari
  • Maria Antonietta Bardi Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari
  • Amedeo Ganciu Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari
  • Antonio Ledda Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari
  • Simone Caschili bUCL QASER Lab & Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Gower Street, London, UK
  • Maurizio Mulas Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, University of Sassari
  • Leonarda Dessena Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, University of Sassari
  • Giuseppe Modica Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria
  • Luigi Laudari Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria
  • Carmelo Riccardo Fichera Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria
Keywords: Spatial network analysis, Dynamics, Centrality, Monitoring system

Abstract

This paper represents the continuation, i.e. Part B, of an homonymous paper aiming at designing an ecological network for the periurban area on the town of Nuoro in central Sardinia. While in Part A we illustrate the methodological premises and introduce a spatial network analysis-based study of a pilot ecological network, in this paper we apply a complex network analysis approach to the construction and characterization of the dynamics of the ecological network of Nuoro.  We are interested in monitoring the performance of the ecological network evolving from a real to a hypothetical scenario, where the two target vegetal species (holm oak and cultivated or wild olive) are present in each patch. We focus on global network properties and on three different centrality measures: degree, clustering coefficient, and betweenness centrality. We also take into account the influence of the intensity of the connection (i.e. the weight) by introducing the corresponding weighted centrality measures. Through thematic mapping we illustrate the pattern of each centrality indicator throughout the entire pilot set of patches. In this way, we demonstrate how spatial network analysis is useful to monitor the performance of the network and to support decision-making, management, and planning.

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Author Biographies

Andrea De Montis, Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari

Andrea De Montis, civil engineer (laurea cum laude at the University of Cagliari, Italy), is associate professor at Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari, Italy. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Economic Policy and Planning, Northeastern University, Boston, USA, and a Ph.D. in Urban and Spatial Planning Techniques, University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy. His research focuses on environmental and landscape planning and complex network analysis.

Maria Antonietta Bardi, Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari
Maria Antonietta Bardi holds a first level degree in Forestry and Environmental Sciences at the University of Sassari, Campus of Nuoro, Italy. She is a graduate student in Forestry and Environmental Systems at the University of Sassari, Campus of Nuoro, Italy. Ms Bardi is currently working on her final thesis about the design, construction, and management of an ecological network for the town of Nuoro, Italy.
Amedeo Ganciu, Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari

Amedeo Ganciu, environmental and urban planner, graduated at the University Institute of Architecture of Venice, Italy and took a master degree in Landscape Dynamics and GIScience at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain. Currently is a research fellow at Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari, Italy in the project: “Efficacia ed efficienza della governance paesaggistica e territoriale in Sardegna: il ruolo della VAS e delle IDT” [Efficacy and efficiency of the landscape and environmental governance in Sardinia: the role of SEA and of SDI] founded by the Autonomous Region of Sardinia.

Antonio Ledda, Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari

Antonio Ledda, master’s degree in planning and management of environment and rural areas (laurea cum laude at the University of Sassari, Italy), is a research fellow at Dipartimento di Agraria, University of Sassari, Italy, in the project: “Efficacia ed efficienza della governance paesaggistica e territoriale in Sardegna: il ruolo della VAS e delle IDT” [Efficacy and efficiency of the landscape and environmental governance in Sardinia: the role of SEA and of SDI] founded by the Autonomous Region of Sardinia. His research mainly focuses on strategic environmental assessment applied within spatial planning.

Simone Caschili, bUCL QASER Lab & Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Gower Street, London, UK

Simone Caschili, Ph.D. in Land Engineering and Urban Planning, is a research associate at Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (UCL) and senior fellow of the UCL QASER Lab where he directs his research interests on the application of complexity theory to the study of regional transportation, international trade and maritime shipping. A part of his research interest regards the modelling of regional systems, spatial-temporal and economic complex networks and policy evaluation for planning in both transport and environmental governance. He serves as referee for international scientific journals in various subjects.

Maurizio Mulas, Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, University of Sassari

Maurizio Mulas is Associate Professor of Arboriculture at the University of Sassari (Italy), and selection, ecophysiology and use in the urban environment of woody plants of the Mediterranean climate are among his main research fields.

Leonarda Dessena, Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, University of Sassari

Leonarda Dessena is a PhD on Agrometeorology and research fellow at the University of Sassari (Italy) on Mediterranean maquis plant biology and use.

Giuseppe Modica, Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria

Giuseppe Modica, PhD in Environmental and Agro-forestry Engineering, is researcher and assistant professor in Rural Buildings and Rural Landscape at the Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria. His main research interests focusing on sustainable landscape planning, landscape services, geospatial information in decision support systems, multi-criteria evaluation.

Luigi Laudari, Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria

Luigi Laudari is a PhD in Environmental and Agro-forestry Engineering and research fellow at the AGROMATER-LAB Laboratory of the Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria. Research interests: Geographic information systems; Landscape ecological planning; Ecological networks.

Carmelo Riccardo Fichera, Dipartimento di Agraria, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria

Carmelo Riccardo Fichera is full professor in Rural Buildings and Rural Landscape at the Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria. President of the II Technical section of the Italian Society of Agricultural Engineering (AIIA). His main research interests focusing on landscape planning and environmental sustainability, Geographic Information Systems for rural planning, technical innovation and sustainability in farm building.

Published
2014-05-14
How to Cite
De Montis, A., Bardi, M., Ganciu, A., Ledda, A., Caschili, S., Mulas, M., Dessena, L., Modica, G., Laudari, L., & Fichera, C. (2014). Landscape Planning and Ecological Networks. Part B. A Rural System in Nuoro, Sardinia. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2488

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