Re-Use/Re-Cycle Territories: A Retroactive Conceptualisation for East Naples

  • Enrico Formato DIARC Università degli Studi Di Napoli Federico
  • Michelangelo Russo DIARC Università degli Studi Di Napoli Federico
Keywords: Recycling, Drosscap, Hybrid space, Rural-Urban fringe

Abstract

In the vast majority of cities all over the world, urban growth takes place in peri-urban spaces.  City models are in deep crisis facing the disappearance of differences between city and countryside. The urban sprawl of settlements in Italy, and also in Europe, is quite different from sprawl phenomenon and suburbs basically referring to American cities. Urban sprawl is characterized by one-family houses, dispersed in the countryside and by large industrial enclaves close to infrastructures networks. Italian situation can be interpreted as a peri-urban model instead of sprawl condition. The rural-urban fringe derives from the erosion of the countryside due to the abandoned residential settlements and the industrial patterns.  In the contemporary Italian urbanized landscape, urban and rural realms merge, creating complex “hybrid” types of space, consisting of residential areas, commercial zones, agricultural land, recreational and nature areas. The rural-urban fringe, an area between the city and the countryside, is characterised by spatial and functional heterogeneity and by a large amount of drosscapes, “in between spaces”, abandoned industrial buildings and sites and underused spaces without development programs. This article addressed three main questions: Are there alternatives to closure and abandonment? Is it possible to consider the recycling of drosscapes as a new paradigm in opposition to the crisis of international finances and city models? Can the networking of residual rural-scape represent the new strategy to regenerate urbanized landscape?

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Enrico Formato, DIARC Università degli Studi Di Napoli Federico

Architect, PhD in Urban Design and Planning at Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. He is a temporary Research Fellow in Landscape Design at Department of Architecture of Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II and qualified as associated professor in Urban and Landscape design and Planning (since Feb 2014). The core of his studies pertains: open public spaces (shapes and structure) of contemporary city; theoretical relationships between present conurbation and propositions by Modern Movement and American Landscape Movement. Its activities include urban and landscape plans and projects,  some of which in collaboration with Leonardo Benevolo and his office. Among his publications: “Landscape and urbanism: tentativi di avvicinamento”, in Angrilli M. (ed.), L’urbanistica che cambia, FrancoAngeli, Milan, 2013; Americans. Città e territorio ai tempi dell’impero, Cronopio, Naples, 2012; Terre comuni. Il progetto dello spazio aperto nella città contemporanea, CLEAN, Naples, 2012.

Michelangelo Russo, DIARC Università degli Studi Di Napoli Federico
He is a Professor of Urban Planning and is the head of the Laboratory of Urban Design at the Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, where he is currently the Coordinator of the PhD Program in Architecture. He was a member of several national and international research groups, currently in the unit of Naples Programma Prin 2012 “Re-cycle Italy. Nuovi cicli di vita per architetture e infrastrutture di città e paesaggio” and Programma Faro “Cilento Labscape”. He is member of the national executive of the SIU - Società Italiana degli Urbanisti, and in 2013 he was in the scientific coordination of the XVI Conferenza Nazionale Siu, “Urbanistica per una diversa crescita”. His research deals with the themes, the knowledge and the phenomena of contemporary urban design in relation to the mutations of the city, urbanized areas, landscapes, interaction space / country. Among his recent publications: The Metro in Naples, Urban Planning International, special issue "Planning in Italy" , Klaus Kunzman (editor), Beijing / China 2010; Città-Mosaico. Il progetto contemporaneo oltre la settorialità, Clean Editions, Naples, 2011; R. Lucci, Napoli verso oriente, Clean, Naples 2012.

References

Augé, M. (2004), Rovine e macerie, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino.

Augé, M.(1993), Nonluoghi, Eleuthera, Milano.

Belli, A., (2004), “The metropolitan area of Naples within the context of regional planning in Campania”. In The Explosion of City. Morphologies, observations and motions within recent territorial transformations in the south Europe Urban Region, Forum Universal de les cultures Barcelona 2004, COAC Publicacions, Barcellona.

Berger, A. (2009), Systemic Design Can Change The World, SUN Architecture, Netherlands.

Berger, A. (2006), Drosscape, Wasting land in urban America, Princeton Architectural Press, New York.

Bianchetti, C. (2003), Abitare la città contemporanea, Skira, Milano.

Clément, G. (2011), Il giardino in movimento, Quodlibet, Macerata.

Clément, G. (2005), Manifesto del terzo paesaggio, Quodlibet, Macerata.

Ciorra, P., Ricci, M., Viganò, P., (2011), Re-cycle / Strategie per l’architettura, la città e il pianeta, Electa, Milano.

Donadieu, P. (2006), Campagne urbane. Una nuova proposta di paesaggio della città, Donzelli Editore, Roma.

Formato, E. (2012), Terre comuni. Il progetto dello spazio aperto nella città contemporanea, Clean Edizioni, Napoli.

Jacobs, J. (1961), The death and life of great American cities, Random House, New York.

Latouche, S. (2012), Vers une société d'abondance frugale, Contresens et controverses sur la décroissance, Ed. Mille et une nuits, Les Petits Libres, Paris.

Lynch, K. (1990), Wasting away, Sierra Club Books. trad. it.: 1992, Michael Southwork (ed.), Deperire, Cuen, Napoli.

Koolhaas, R. (2005), The Generic City, S, M, L, XL, Monacelli Press, New York.

Koolhaas, R. (2001), “Junkspace”, Domus, 33.

Oswalt, P. (2006), Shrinking Cities, International Research, Vol. 1, Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit, Germania.

Rosenthal, E. (2008), “In Italy, a Redesign of Nature to Clean It”, New York Times, September 21.

Russo, M. (2011), Città-Mosaico. Il progetto contemporaneo oltre la settorialità, Clean Edizioni, Napoli.

Russo, M., Lucci, R. (2012), Napoli verso Oriente, Clean Edizioni, Napoli.

Russo, M. (2012), “Terre di mezzo”. In: Ricci, M., Gausa, M., Med.net.rep.01, ListLab Trento, 208-213.

Russo, M., Formato, E. (2013),” Riciclare il paesaggio come strategia: il caso degli ex Magazzini Ferroviari a Napoli Est”, in Monograph.Research 05 R.E.D.S. Rome Ecological Design Symposium, List, Trento.

Russo, M. (2012), “Campania, Napoli Es”, EWT/ Eco Web Town, Quadrimestrale on line sul progetto di città sostenibile, 5.

Russo, M. (2013), “Dalla dismissione al riciclo: rigenerazioni di idee”. In Marini, S., Santangelo, V., Viaggio in Italia - Recycle Italy, Aracne Editore, Roma.

Secchi, B. (2005), La città del ventesimo secolo, Universale Laterza, Roma.

Secchi, B. (2000), Prima lezione di urbanistica, Laterza, Bari.

Sforza, G., Poli, M. (2009), “An Interview with Alan Berger”, Abitare, February 10.

Smith, N. (2002), “New globalism, new urbanism, Gentrification as global urban strategy”, Antipode, 34(3), 427–450.

Solà-Morales Rubio, I. (1995), “Terrain Vague”, Anyplace, The MIT Press, Cambridge.

Turner, V. (1982), From Ritual to Theatre, The Human Seriousness of Play, PAJ Publications, New York.

Viganò, P. (2010), I territori dell’Urbanistica. Il progetto come produttore di conoscenza, Officina, Roma.

Viganò, P. (1999), La città elementare, Skira, Milano.

Zanini, P. (2000), Significati del confine, Bruno Mondadori, Milano.

Zukin, S. (1991), Landscapes of power, From Detroit to Disney world, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Published
2014-05-14
How to Cite
Formato, E., & Russo, M. (2014). Re-Use/Re-Cycle Territories: A Retroactive Conceptualisation for East Naples. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2496