Diachronic Analysis of Parking Usage: The Case Study of Brescia

  • Riccardo Bonotti BresciaMobilità - ufficio qualità ambiente e sicurezza
  • Silvia Rossetti DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia
  • Michela Tiboni DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia
  • Maurizio Tira DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia
Keywords: Urban and mobility planning, Car parking, Public services, Diachronic accessibility

Abstract

The paper proposes a methodology for the investigation of the space-time relations between public services and individual mobility, by checking the space-time efficiency of the allocation of public and private parking areas. The methodology has been applied to the case study of Brescia, in northern Italy. The spatial distribution of car parking has been assessed as well as the usage variations during the day. First of all, the location and the density of parking areas within the city has been taken into account, and represented to show the spatial coverage of car parking supply. Then, the temporal issue has been considered, since the degree of use of each parking area varies within the time of the day. Therefore, the degree of use of each parking area has been mapped at three significant instant of the day (10.00 a.m.; 01.00 p.m. and 04.00 p.m.). This kind of analysis is particularly helpful to highlight the availability of parking areas during the day. The results of the analysis, even if referred to a case study, can be extended to similar situations as the methodology of the analysis has a broaden sound meaning. The aim of the paper is to illustrate a method to develop mobility policies and plans.

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Author Biographies

Riccardo Bonotti, BresciaMobilità - ufficio qualità ambiente e sicurezza

He is an Environmental Engineer specialised in Town & Country Planning and Natural Risk Assessment and Management. PhD in "Places and times of the city and the territory" holds a degree in Land and Environmental Engineering at the University of Brescia. His research focused on the topic of risk mitigation in urban areas. More specifically he analysed the relationship between land use changes and their effects on the urban risk level, the vulnerability analysis of infrastructures, the vulnerability analysis of urban systems, the exposure assessment, and the evaluation of the social effects related to risks and the consequences on local communities. Currently he collaborates with the Quality, Environment and Safety Office at "Brescia Mobilità".

Silvia Rossetti, DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia

Environmental Engineer, she works as research fellow at the University of Brescia, DICATAM Department, where she cooperates with the research activities of the urban and transport planning group. She holds a PhD in "Places and Times of the City and its Territory". Her research interests focus on sustainable mobility and road safety issues, analysing their relationships with the urban form. She has been involved in some EU funded research projects, like ROSEE “Road Safety in South East Europe”, SOL “Save Our Lives” and the COST Action TU1002  “Accessibility Instruments for Planning Practice in Europe”.

Michela Tiboni, DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia
Civil Engineer and associate professor of Town and Country Planning at the University of Brescia. She holds a PhD in Town planning technique from the Polytechnic of Milan, and she is author of more than 100 scientific publications. Her researches are mainly focused on land-use dynamics and environmental hazards, environmental assessments of plans, urban policies and techniques for more sustainable and safer towns. She has been involved in many projects on safety in mobility and urban management, like the DUMAS and the SOL EU projects. She was also delegate in the EU COST Action C27 on Minor Deprived Urban Communities
Maurizio Tira, DICATAM - Università degli Studi di Brescia

Maurizio Tira, environmental engineer, is Full Professor of Town and regional planning at the University of Brescia where he is responsible for the masters degrees in Civil and Environmental engineering and the English master class Land and environmental engineering. He has been responsible of several EU funded research programmes, concerning town and regional planning and mobility. He chaired the COST Action TU0602 “Land management for urban dynamics”, where the main topics of land management regimes and tools were assessed. Invited expert at OECD for two working groups about Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety, expert at the ETSC (Brussels), he is President of the Italian Centre for Urban Studies (CeNSU). Author of several books, papers and other publications (more than 190 in total), he has been invited as a speaker to a large number of Conferences in Italy and abroad.

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Published
2014-05-15
How to Cite
Bonotti, R., Rossetti, S., Tiboni, M., & Tira, M. (2014). Diachronic Analysis of Parking Usage: The Case Study of Brescia. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2505