Revitalization and ITS Impact on Public. Space Organization A Case Study of Manchester in UK, Lyon in France and Łódź in Poland

  • Jarosław Kazimierczak Department of Revitalization of the Cities Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies Faculty of Geographical Sciences University of Łódź, Poland
Keywords: Revitalization of post-industrial urban areas, Public space organization, Central space

Abstract

Process of deindustrialization of downtowns in most of well-developed Western European countries has been undertaken since 1960’s while in post-socialist countries just from last 25 years, after political and economic transitions in Central and Eastern Europe.  As far as urban structure is concerned, a new type of inner-city sites has appeared as a consequence of the collapse of industrial activities in second half of 20th century.  In vast majority of cases newly developed morhological units (e.g. run-down post-industrial) have been unavailable to the public. As a reult, “classical” public space organization of European cities has been significantly changed. However, revitalization of post-industrial urban areas creates opportunities to reorganize public space according to current inhabitants and other urban space users’ needs. All transitions undertaken as a part of re-developement of brownfields sites are focused on impovements in physical and functional dimension of urban space quality to increase the standard of living condition. According to the concept of smat cities it is relaeted to “smart living” in sustainable urban environment. As a matter of fact, post-socialist cities in Central and Eastern Europe where interval of central planning was present in second half of 20th century and “classical” capitalist cites of Western Europe represent different patterns of public space transitions due to distinct historical development process of central space. In the paper a comparative study of Manchester, Lyon and Łódź is presented. The aim of the research is to indicate the reorganization of historically shaped public space structre in central space of analyzed cities after revitalization of post-industrial urban areas and new central space creation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jarosław Kazimierczak, Department of Revitalization of the Cities Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies Faculty of Geographical Sciences University of Łódź, Poland

PhD., researcher of the Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies at Łódź University (Poland). He carries out his research concerned on the impact of revitalization of post-industrial urban areas on central space development, morphological relations in central space and public space cohesion of European cities.

References

Jones P., Evans J. (2009), Urban Regeneration in the UK. London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Kaczmarek S., Marcińczak S. (2013) The blessing in disguise: urban regeneration in Poland in a neoliberal milieu. In: Leary M.E., McCarthy J., (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Urban Regeneration. London-New York: Routledge. 98-107.

Kochanowska D. (2002) Przemiany śródmiejskich przestrzeni publicznych w Polsce. In: Kochanowski M. (ed.) Przestrzeń publiczna miasta postindustrialnego. Gdańsk: Gdańsk Technical University Press. 55-84.

Kostof S. (1991) The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Trough History. London: Thames & Hudson.

Lorens P. (2010) Definiowanie współczesnej przestrzeni publicznej. In: Lorens P., Martyniuk-Pęczek J. (eds.) Problemy kształtowania przestrzeni publicznej. Gdańsk: Urganista Press. Seria Miasto-Metropolia-Region. 6-20.

Paccione M. (2001) Urban Geography: a global perspective. London-New York: Routledge.

Roberts P., Sykes H. (eds.) (2008) Urban Regeneration. A handbook. Los Angeles-London-New Dehli-Singapure-Washinton DC: SAGE.

Słodczyk J. (2012) Historia planowania i budowy miast. Opole: Opole University Press.

Stawasz D., Sikora-Fernandez D., Turała D. (2012), Koncepcja smart city jako wyznacznik podejmowania decyzji związanych z funkcjonowaniem i rozwojem miasta, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Studia Informatica 721, 29: 97-109

Stott P. (2012) Industrial Heritageand the World Heritage Convention. In: Douet J. (ed.) Industrial heritage re-toled: The TICCIH guide to Industrial Heritage Conservation. Lancaster. 161-166.

Ziobrowski Z., Domański B. (2010) Rewitalizacja miast polskich jako sposób zachowania dziedzictwa materialnego i duchowego oraz czynnik zrównoważonego rozwoju. Podsumowanie projektu. Cracow: Institute of Urban Development.

Published
2014-05-16
How to Cite
Kazimierczak, J. (2014). Revitalization and ITS Impact on Public. Space Organization A Case Study of Manchester in UK, Lyon in France and Łódź in Poland. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2521