Transportation Infrastructure Impacts Evaluation: The Case of Egnatia Motorway in Greece

  • Athanasios P. Vavatsikos Lecturer, Democritus University of Thrace, Ph.D, Dip.Eng
  • Maria Giannopoulou Associate Professor, Democritus University of Thrace
Keywords: Multiattribute Decision Aid, AHP, Ideal Point Methods, GIS

Abstract

To expand GIS abilities to the consideration of decision criteria, OR/MS researchers strongly pronounce in favor of developing synergies between GIS and multicriteria decision making tools. The rationale of this integration is the GIS ability to store and manage and visualize geographically referenced data and the efficiency of Operational Research tools for modeling decision problems. As a result, MultiCriteria Spatial Decision Support Systems (MC-SDSS) provide a consistent framework that allows alternatives’ ranking combining both spatial data and DMs preferences according to a selected decision rule. Regarding to their applicability in situations that involve classification, multiattribute decision models are considered as a very attractive procedure in urban and regional planning concerning the appraisal of transportation infrastructure construction. In the present a spatial multicriteria evaluation of the impacts derived by the realization of Egnatia Motorway is performed. Egnatia Motorway is considered one of the most significant interventions that have taken place in Greece during the early pre-Olympic Games period and up to the year 2007. With a length of 670 km, it crosses 12 prefectures starting from the Igoumenitsa Port, which provides links by boat to Italy, ending to Kipi in Evros (Greek-Turkish borders). It is a dual carriageway with two traffic lanes per direction with an overall construction cost of about 6b€. Aiming to enrich Northern Greece’s potential in transport industry and tourism, European Union has heavily invested in its construction. In the present paper an integration among GIS functionalities and multi-attribute decision making models such as Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Ideal Point Methods is proposed in order to estimate the impacts provoked by the construction and operation of Egnatia Motorway in regional level.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Athanasios P. Vavatsikos, Lecturer, Democritus University of Thrace, Ph.D, Dip.Eng
Civil Engineer, GIS Analyst, Dip.Eng., PhD in Spatial Decision Support Systems, Lecturer, Production Engineering and Management Dpt, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace
Maria Giannopoulou, Associate Professor, Democritus University of Thrace

Architect, PhD in Regional and Urban Planning, Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Dpt, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace.

References

Anagnostopoulos, K. P., Vavatsikos, A. P., Spiropoulos, N. and Kraias, I. (2010), Land suitability analysis for natural wastewater treatment systems using a new GIS add-in for supporting criterion weight elicitation methods:. Operational Research. An International Journal, 10(1), 91-108.

Chakhar, S., and Martel, J. M. (2003), Enhancing Geographical Information Systems capabilities with multi-criteria evaluation functions:. J. Geogr. Inf. Decis. Anal., 7(2), 47-71.

Collins, M. G., Steiner, F. R. and Rushman, M. J., (2001), Land-Use suitability analysis in the United States: Historical development and promising technological achievements: Environmental Management, 28(5), 611-621.

Egnatia Motorway Observatory (2005), Status of Regions Crossed by the Egnatia Motorway: Cohesion – Mobility – Balance – Environment: 1st Impact Report: Thessalonica: EGNATIA ODOS S.A. March.

EU – European Commission (1999), European Spatial Development Perspective – Towards a Balanced and Sustainable Development of the Union Territory. Luxemburg: Office for the Official Publications of the European Communities.

EU – European Commission (2002), White Paper – European Transport Policies for 2010: A time to decide. Luxemburg: Office for the Official Publications of the European Communities.

Faludi, A. (2006), From European spatial development to territorial cohesion policy: Regional Studies, 40(6), pp. 667-678.

Hwang, C.L., Lai, Y.J. and Liu, T.Y., (1993), A new approach for multiple objective decision making:. Comp. Oper. Res., 20,: 889-899.

Pereira, J.M.C. and Duckstein, L., (1993), A multiple criteria decision-making approach to GIS-based land suitability evaluation: International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 77(5), 407-424.

Saaty, T.L. (1977), A Scaling Method for Priorities in Hierarchical Structures: J. Math. Psych., 15: 234-281.

Saaty, T.L. (1995), Decision Making for Leaders: 3rd Edition, RWS Publications.

Simon, H.A. (1960), The new science of management decision. Harper and Row, New York.

Spiekermann, K. and Wegener, M. (2006), The role of transport infrastructure for regional development in southEast Europe: SEER SouthEast Europe Review for Labour and Social Affairs, 01.

Vickerman, R. (1996), Location, Accessibility and Regional Development: the Appraisal of Trans – European Networks: Transport Policy, 2 (4), 225-234.

Vickerman, R. (2004), Conflicts between transport policies and spatial development policies: perspectives on regional cohesion in European Union: 44th European Congress of the Regional Science Association, Porto.

Voogd, H. (1983), Multicriteria evaluation for urban and regional planning: Pion.

Zeleny, M. (1982), Multiple Criteria Decision Making, : McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Published
2014-05-16
How to Cite
Vavatsikos, A. P., & Giannopoulou, M. (2014). Transportation Infrastructure Impacts Evaluation: The Case of Egnatia Motorway in Greece. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2522