Assessment on the Expansion of Basic Sanitation Infrastructure. In the Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte - 2000/2010

  • Grazielle Anjos Carvalho Federal University of Minas Gerais – UFMG - Brazil
Keywords: Basic sanitation, Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte, GIS, Population, Public investment

Abstract

The Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte is consisted of 34 municipalities, however approximately 79,68% of its population is concentrated at the conurbation zone with 19 municipalities. This zone presented different expansion axis (North, South, West) throughout the time. This article intends to assess the investments made in basic sanitation infrastructure (access to water supply, sewage collection network and garbage collection service) within the period from the years 2000 to 2010. For this purpose, land cover maps for these years were created to identify the new urban expansion axis. Maps of the census sectors of both years were also made with the percentage of households attended by the basic sanitation services infrastructure, as well as the population density and average income of the householder. Considering the results, we have observed that the investments in basic sanitation infrastructure in the last ten years were not sufficient, given the fact that the region with the largest population of Minas Gerais still has precarious conditions regarding the access to water supply and sewage networks. The least of the problems, but still a problem, is the garbage collection services, given the fact that to collect, the investment is low but it is important to highlight that the data do not bring information about the treatment and disposal of the garbage or sewage, they only inform us were those types of residue are collected.

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Author Biography

Grazielle Anjos Carvalho, Federal University of Minas Gerais – UFMG - Brazil

Master in Geography and Environmental Analysis (2010) and graduated in Geography (2007), UFMG. She worked as a teacher in the courses of Ecology, Geography, Civil Engineering and Mining in UNIBH. She has experience in environmental, acting on the following themes: Urban Planning, Environment, Technical GIS, Thematic Cartography and Remote Sensing, GIS Training. Develops doctoral thesis at IGC / UFMG on the topic as application of cellular automata to simulate urban growth and transformation.

References

Costa, H.S.M., Peixoto, M.C.D.(2007), “Dinâmica imobiliária e regulação ambiental: uma discussão a partir do eixo-sul da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte”, in R. bras. Est. Pop., São Paulo, v. 24, n. 2, p. 317-336, jul./dez. 2007.

IBGE (2010), Census 2010.

IBGE (2000), Census 2000.

Tonucci F., Bosco Moura, J. (2012), Dois momentos do planejamento metropolitano em Belo Horizonte: um estudo das experiências do PLAMBEL e do PDDI-RMBH, Dissertation (Master’s Degree) – Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, 2012.

Published
2014-05-18
How to Cite
Carvalho, G. A. (2014). Assessment on the Expansion of Basic Sanitation Infrastructure. In the Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte - 2000/2010. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2534