Smart and Resilient Cities. A Systemic Approach for Developing Cross-sectoral Strategies in the Face of Climate Change

  • Rocco Papa Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
  • Adriana Galderisi Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
  • Maria Cristina Vigo Majello Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
  • Erika Saretta Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
Keywords: Smart City, Resilient City, Systemic Approach, Climate Change, Climate Adaptation

Abstract

Climate change is considered one of the main environmental issues challenging contemporary cities. Meanwhile, urban development patterns and the growth of urban population represent the main contributors to climate change, affecting the total energy consumptions and the related greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, a breakthrough in current urban development patterns is required to counterbalance the climate-related issues.

This study focuses on the Smart City and Resilient City concepts; in detail, based on the review of existing literature, it analyzes the synergies between the two concepts, highlighting how the Smart City concept is more and more widely interpreted as a process addressed to make cities “more livable and resilient and, hence, able to respond quicker to new challenges” (Kunzmann, 2014). Nevertheless, current initiatives to improve cities’ smartness and resilience in the European cities are very fragmented and operational tools capable to support multi-objective strategies are still at an early stage. To fill this gap, embracing a systemic perspective, the main characteristics of a smart and resilient urban system have been identified and arranged into a conceptual model. The latter represents a preliminary step for the development of an operational tool capable to guide planners and decision-makers in carrying out multi-objective strategies addressed to enhance the response capacities of complex urban systems in the face of climate change.

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Author Biographies

Rocco Papa, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II

Full Professor of Land Use Planning at the University of Naples Federico II. Editor-in-Chief of the Scientific Journal TeMA - Land Use, Mobility and Environment since 2007. Director of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning (DiPiST) of the University Federico II of Naples, from 1999 to 2005. Chairman of the Urban Transformation Company Bagnolifutura S.p.A from 2006 to 2010. Vice-Mayor of the Municipality of Naples, from 2001 to 2006. City Councilor for Livability (appointed to Town Planning and Historical Centre) for the Naples Municipality, from 1997 to 2001. Research activity, carried out continuously since 1974, has developed according to the following four main lines: the study of the interactions between urban and mobility systems; the management and governance of metropolitan areas; the safeguard of environmental quality in highly urbanized areas; the experimentation of new protocols for urban planning tools connected with the updating of techniques, methods and models of analyses, interpretation, planning and governance of territory. As City Councilor for Livability (appointed to Town Planning and Historical Centre) for the Naples Municipality he has developed in detail the following projects: the approval and implementation of the new Master Plan of Naples; the approval and implementation of the Local Master Plan for the area of Bagnoli-Coroglio and the establishment of the Urban Transformation Company Bagnolifutura SpA, and the restoration and requalification of the “Real Albergo dei Poveri” and of the “SS. Trinità delle Monache”, the implementation of the Line 1 and Line 6 of the Metropolitan Railway. He is the author of more than 100 publications.

Adriana Galderisi, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II

Assistant Professor at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II. Ph.D. in Urban and Regional Planning; Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Naples Federico II. Research activities are mainly focused on the urban environment requalification and namely on two issues: the relationships between land use planning, mobility and environmental issues; vulnerability and resilience of urban systems to natural and na-tech events. In respect to the latter, she has coordinated research teams within numerous National and European Projects from 2000 to 2008. From 2008 to 2011, she has been the Scientific Responsible for the European Project “ENSURE - Enhancing resilience of communities and territories facing natural and na-tech hazards” (7° Framework Programme - Theme 6 Environment - Topic 6.1.3.2.1 Frame for better vulnerability assessment). From 2012, she is the Responsible for the Training Project of the National Project “Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory” (PON 04A2_00120 R&C Axis II). She is author of more than 80 publications (monographs, chapters in books and articles).

Maria Cristina Vigo Majello, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II

Architect (2003), Master in Building and Environmental Design for Photovoltaics Integration (2004), PhD in Architectural Design (2007), PhD in Building and Environmental Recovery (2013) at the Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II. She has collaborated in the research activities of the Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, with the Corited Consortium, developing skills on national and international research projects on sustainable energy related to existing built environment (2009-2011). Research activities have been focused on renewable energies, innovative technologies and integrated management models to promote energy efficiency of existing built environment. In 2014, she won a one-year grant for post-lauream education and research within the project “Smart Energy Master” at the Department of Civil Engineering, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II.

Erika Saretta, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II

Civil Engineer graduated at the University of Padua presenting a dissertation "Photovoltaics and Net Zero Energy Buildings: new concepts towards a Smart City vision", carried out in collaboration with ENEA. In 2014, she won a one-year grant for post-lauream education and research within the project “Smart Energy Master” at the Department of Civil Engineering, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II.

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Published
2015-04-22
How to Cite
Papa, R., Galderisi, A., Vigo Majello, M. C., & Saretta, E. (2015). Smart and Resilient Cities. A Systemic Approach for Developing Cross-sectoral Strategies in the Face of Climate Change. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 8(1), 19-49. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2883