Policies of Resilience in the New Institutional Process. The Case-Studies of Palermo and Siracusa in the South of Italy.

  • Ferdinando Trapani University of Palermo - Department of Architecture http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0185-2101
  • Luigi Minozzi Siracusa Municipality, Advisory
Keywords: Urban Resilience, Urban Adaptation, Urban Planning, Smart City, Participation Planning.

Abstract

At the end of 2012, the PON METRO National Scheme was set up in Italy, inspired by the EU Urban Agenda. It also allows towns like Palermo to test and reach targets of urban resilience, focusing on mobility and sustainable energy in order to improve life in the cities together with innovative policies of social inclusion. Other medium-sized cities also tried to face the problem of urban resilience without using national funds. The city of Siracusa, for example, made use of EU direct co-financing schemes. This paper aims to analyse the planning projects and measures adopted in Sicily over the past few years in order to examine government approaches focusing on resilience or those that are somehow linked to it. The comparison shows that, despite the wide range of opportunities (European, National and Regional policies, etc.) a number of differences may be listed in the adoption of schemes for urban planning and for the implementation of transition measures from a linear, rational, sequential, normative and regulative approach to the circular, active, flexible and versatile approach needed to tackle the problems linked to urban resilience. This proposal suggests that new policies are needed. The new policies should focus not only on funds but also on the creation of an innovative laboratory of projects involving all the cities in equal ways and on the building of a platform to exchange data and compare the different practices adopted in relation to urban and local resilience.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ferdinando Trapani, University of Palermo - Department of Architecture
PhD in urban & territorial planning and associate professor in Urban Planning at the University of Palermo, Polytechnics School. He collaborates in charge of the Department of Architecture to several EU projects (Interreg, Med, PSP-CIP-ICT). He was scientific coordinator of Palermo Pilot in PARTERRE project - Electronic Participation Tool for Spatial Planning and Territorial Development, programme: ICT PSP CIP. Scientific cooperation with regional authorities for Structural Funds, social housing and law simplification for integrating EU policy objectives of harmonious spatial development as expressed in the ESDP, into regional and local planning practice. He’s coordinator for developing the Palermo University’s role in the Territorial Living Labs in Sicily, promoting this concept in the context of inter-regional Territorial Cooperation projects. Member of National Commission for Infrastructural Policies of the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Urbanistica. Member of Regional Observatory of Quality in Landscape for the Regione Siciliana (Italy).
Luigi Minozzi, Siracusa Municipality, Advisory
Architect. He is currently Advisor to the City of Siracusa - Staff Management and Territorial Area 1 - Office Complex Programs and Community Policies. Coordinator of the Candidature of Siracusa and the South East like European Capital of Culture 2019. Member of National Commission for Infrastructural Policies of the Italian “Istituto Nazionale di Urbanistica”.

References

Allen, C.R., Angeler, D.G., Garmestani, A.S., Gunderson, L.H. & Holling, C.S., (2014). Panarchy: Theory and Application (Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit - Staff Publications. Paper 127). Ecosystems (2014). doi: 10.1007/s10021-013-9744-2

Aureli, A., Carrubba, S. Cusimano, G., Dipasquale, M., Mazzucco, N., Privitera, A.M.G., Silluzio, C., Tosto, S. & Zingale, V. (2004). Vulnerability maps pollution to hydrocarbon and urban pollution in seawater intrusion area. Geofisica Internacional, 43 (4), 683-688. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from

http://www.geofisica.unam.mx/unid_apoyo/editorial/publicaciones/investigacion/geofisica_internacional/anteriores/2004/04/Aureli.pdf

Carmin, J., Dodman, D., & Chu, E. (2013). Urban Climate Adaptation and Leadership: From Conceptual Understanding to Practical Action (OECD Regional Development Working Papers, 2013/26), OECD Publishing. Retrieved September 20, 2015, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k3ttg88w8hh-en

Cavaleri, L., Fimiani, D., Giambalvo, M., Lucido, S., Mannoia, M., Mattina, G., Picone, M., & Rinaldi, C. (2008). Le città nella città. Politiche urbane, disagio e devianza minorile alla periferia di Palermo. NExT – Nuove Energie per il Territorio Research Report. Palermo, Italy. Retrieved September 20, 2015, from http://www.nuovenergie.org/materiali/Le%20citta%20nella%20citta.pdf

Colucci, A. (2012). Towards resilient cities. Comparing approaches/strategies. TeMA. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(2), 101-116, doi: 10.6092/1970-9870/921.

Davoudi, S. (2012). Resilience: A bridging concept or a dead end? Planning Theory and Practice, 13 (2), 299-307. doi: 10.1080/14649357.2012.677124.

Davoudi, S. (2013). On resilience. disP: The Planning Review, 49(1), 4-5. doi: 10.1080/02513625.2013.799852.

Davoudi, S., Brooks, E. & Mehmood, A. (2013). Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptation. Planning Practice and Research, 28(3), 307-322. doi: 10.1080/02697459.2013.787695

European Commission (2011). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions A Budget for Europe 2020. Part II: Policy fiches. Brussels: Belgium. Retrieved October 9, 2015, from

http://ec.europa.eu/budget/library/biblio/documents/fin_fwk1420/MFF_COM-2011-500_Part_II_en.pdf

Folke, C., Carpenter, S.R., Walker, B., Scheffer, M., Chapin T. & Rockstrom, J. (2010). Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society, 15(4), 20. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/journals/pnw_2010_folke.pdf

Galderisi, A., Ferrara, FF. (2012). Enhancing urban resilience in face of climate change: a methodological approach. TeMA Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(2), 69-87, doi: 10.6092/1970-9870/936.

Gunderson, L.H., Holling, C.S. (Eds.). (2002). Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems. Washington DC: Island Press.

Harrison, P., Bobbins, K., Culwick, C., Humby, T.L., La Mantia, C., Todes, A. & Weakley D. (2014). Urban Resilience. Thinking for Municipalities. University of the Witwatersrand, Gauteng City-Region Observatory, South Africa. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://mobile.wiredspace.wits.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10539/16490/URreport_1901MR.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=y

Holling, C.S. (1973). Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 1-23. doi: 10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000245

Holling, C.S. (2001). Understanding the complexity of Economic, Ecological, and Social Systems. Ecosystems, 4, 390-405. doi: 10.1007/s10021-00 -0101-5

Porter, L. & Davoudi, S. (2012). The politics of resilience for planning: A cautionary note. Planning Theory and Practice, 13(2), 329-333. doi: 10.1080/14649357.2012.677124

Salat, S., Bourdic, L. (2012). Systemic resilience of complex urban systems, TeMA. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(2), 55-68, doi: 10.6092/1970-9870/918.

Starik, M. & Kanashiro, P. (2013). Toward a Theory of Sustainability Management: Uncovering and Integrating the Nearly Obvious. Organization & Environment, 26(1), 7-30. doi: 10.1177/1086026612474958

Walker, B. & Salt, D. (2006). Resilience thinking: sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world, Washington DC: Island Press.

Walker, B., Holling, C.S., Carpenter, S.R. & Kinzig, A. (2004). Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 9(2), 5. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/

Published
2015-10-20
How to Cite
Trapani, F., & Minozzi, L. (2015). Policies of Resilience in the New Institutional Process. The Case-Studies of Palermo and Siracusa in the South of Italy. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 47-62. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3651