European Cities Dealing with Climate Issues: Ideas and Tools for a Better Framing of Current Practices.

  • Rocco Papa University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3355-1418
  • Adriana Galderisi University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.
  • Maria Cristina Vigo Majello University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.
  • Erika Saretta University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.
Keywords: Climate Change, Urban Adaptation, Integrated Climate Strategy.

Abstract

Contemporary cities have to deal with numerous challenges, from the growth and aging of urban populations to the scarcity of resources; from environmental degradation to climate change. The latter, also due to the increasing severity of climate-related impacts on urban areas, is widely considered one of the most urgent challenges for urban development in the near future: cities are the main contributors to energy consumption and GHG emissions, paying, at the same time, the highest price for the climate impacts. Thus, climate issues have gained increasing importance in the last decades, both in terms of the metaphors coined by scholars relative to urban future (low-carbon cities, transition cities, smart cities, resilient cities, etc.) and in terms of the initiatives undertaken on different institutional levels. Unfortunately, mitigation and adaptation are generally regarded as two different approaches, neglecting the potential synergies and trade-offs between the related strategies. Hence, based on the growing awareness of the need for mainstreaming mitigation and adaptation policies at city level, this study will provide an overview of the state of the art of the mitigation and adaptation initiatives in Italian metropolitan cities. Then, focusing on the concepts of the “smart” and the “resilient” city – recognized as key concepts for reducing CO2 emissions and improving the ability of cities to respond to climate impacts – and with reference to a conceptual framework for building up a smart and resilient urban system carried out in previous research works (Papa et al., 2015), the study will examine case studies of the cities of Rotterdam and Barcelona, highlighting how this framework may improve our understanding and, above all, contribute to better integration of the fragmented on-going strategies and initiatives.

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Author Biographies

Rocco Papa, University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.

Full Professor of Land Use Planning at the University of Naples Federico II. Editor-in-Chief of the Scientific Journal TeMA - Land Use, Mobility and Environment since 2007. Director of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning (DiPiST) of the University Federico II of Naples, from 1999 to 2005. Chairman of the Urban Transformation Company Bagnolifutura S.p.A from 2006 to 2010. Vice-Mayor of the Municipality of Naples, from 2001 to 2006. City Councilor for Livability (appointed to Town Planning and Historical Centre) for the Naples Municipality, from 1997 to 2001. Research activity, carried out continuously since 1974, has developed according to the following four main lines: the study of the interactions between urban and mobility systems; the management and governance of metropolitan areas; the safeguard of environmental quality in highly urbanized areas; the experimentation of new protocols for urban planning tools connected with the updating of techniques, methods and models of analyses, interpretation, planning and governance of territory. As City Councilor for Livability (appointed to Town Planning and Historical Centre) for the Naples Municipality he has developed in detail the following projects: the approval and implementation of the new Master Plan of Naples; the approval and implementation of the Local Master Plan for the area of Bagnoli-Coroglio and the establishment of the Urban Transformation Company Bagnolifutura SpA, and the restoration and requalification of the “Real Albergo dei Poveri” and of the “SS. Trinità delle Monache”, the implementation of the Line 1 and Line 6 of the Metropolitan Railway. He is the author of more than 100 publications.

Adriana Galderisi, University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.

Assistant Professor at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II. Ph.D. in Urban and Regional Planning; Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Naples Federico II. Research activities are mainly focused on the urban environment requalification and namely on two issues: the relationships between land use planning, mobility and environmental issues; vulnerability and resilience of urban systems to natural and na-tech events. In respect to the latter, she has coordinated research teams within numerous National and European Projects from 2000 to 2008. From 2008 to 2011, she has been the Scientific Responsible for the European Project “ENSURE - Enhancing resilience of communities and territories facing natural and na-tech hazards” (7° Framework Programme - Theme 6 Environment - Topic 6.1.3.2.1 Frame for better vulnerability assessment). From 2012, she is the Responsible for the Training Project of the National Project “Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory” (PON 04A2_00120 R&C Axis II). She is author of more than 80 publications (monographs, chapters in books and articles).

Maria Cristina Vigo Majello, University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.

Architect (2003), Master in Building and Environmental Design for Photovoltaics Integration (2004), PhD in Architectural Design (2007), PhD in Building and Environmental Recovery (2013) at the Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II. She has collaborated in the research activities of the Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, with the Corited Consortium, developing skills on national and international research projects on sustainable energy related to existing built environment (2009-2011). Research activities have been focused on renewable energies, innovative technologies and integrated management models to promote energy efficiency of existing built environment. In 2014, she won a one-year grant for post-lauream education and research within the project “Smart Energy Master” at the Department of Civil Engineering, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II. 

Erika Saretta, University of Naples Federico II, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.

Civil Engineer graduated at the University of Padua presenting a dissertation "Photovoltaics and Net Zero Energy Buildings: new concepts towards a Smart City vision", carried out in collaboration with ENEA. In 2014, she won a one- year grant for post-lauream education and research within the project “Smart Energy Master” at the Department of Civil Engineering, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II. 

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Published
2015-10-20
How to Cite
Papa, R., Galderisi, A., Vigo Majello, M. C., & Saretta, E. (2015). European Cities Dealing with Climate Issues: Ideas and Tools for a Better Framing of Current Practices. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 63-80. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3658