Immagine di copertina

The Effectiveness of Urban Green Spaces and Socio-Cultural Facilities

Mehmet Faruk Altunkasa, Süha Berberoğlu, Cengiz Uslu, Halil Duymuş

Abstract


This paper aims to develop a theoretical approach for mapping and determining the effectiveness of green spaces and socio-cultural facilities in the case of Adana, Turkey. Firstly, green spaces and socio-cultural facilities per capita has been determined and indexed for the neighbourhoods in the city. Then, a distance-based method for estimating the effectiveness of these facilities was used. The distance amongst the neighbourhoods and between a facility and the farthest threshold has been measured initially and these values have been used to determine the facility effectiveness change value of each neighbourhood. Secondly, effective values have been calculated and indexed by incorporating the green space and socio-cultural facility values and the effectiveness change values of the neighbourhoods. Finally, point based effective green spaces and socio-cultural facilities’ index values have been converted to continuous surface values in a GIS environment in order to utilize as a base map for urban physical planning purposes. According to the outcomes of this study, the distribution of green spaces and socio-cultural facilities of the neighborhoods are imbalanced and index values of these facilities are ranged in between 45-84 out of 100.

Keyword


Effectiveness Change Value; GIS; Index Map; Index Value; Socio-Cultural Facilities; Urban Green Spaces

Full Text

PDF (English)

Riferimenti bibliografici


Adana Urban Council (2015). Demographic, Economic and Housing Statistics for Adana City. Retrieved December 27, 2015 from: http://www.adana.bel.tr/istatistikler/ (in Turkish).

Altunkasa, M. F., & Uslu, C. (2004). The effects of urban green spaces on house prices in the upper northwest urban development area of Adana (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 28, 203-209.

Antognelli, S., & Vizzari, M. (2016). Ecosystem and urban services for landscape liveability: A model forquantification of stakeholders’ perceived importance. Land Use Policy, 50 (2016), 277-292. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.09.023.

Baycan-Levent, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2009). Planning and management of urban green spaces in Europe: Comparative analysis. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 135, 1-12. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9488(2009)135:1(1)#sthash.pyjCVyhJ.dpuf.

Berberoğlu, S., Lloyd, C. D., Atkinson, P. M., & Curran, P. J. (2000). The integration of spectral and textural information using neural networks for land cover mapping in the Mediterranean. Computers and Geosciences, 26, 385-396. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0098-3004(99)00119-3.

Bolund, P., & Hunhammar, S. (1999). Ecosystems services in urban areas. Ecological Economics, 29, 293-301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(99)00013-0.

Bonaiuto, M., Aiello, A., Perugini, M., Bonnes, M., & Ercolani, A. P. (1999). Multidimensional perception of residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in the urban environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 331-352. doi: https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.1999.0138.

Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., & Bonnes, M. (2003). Indexes of perceived residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in urban environments: A confirmation study on the City of Rome. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65, 41-52. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00236-0.

Cohen, M. (1996). Habitat II and the challenge of the urban environment: Bringing together the two definitions of habitat. International Social Science Journal, 48, 95-101. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2451.1996.tb00060.x.

Coles, R., & Caserio, M. (2003). Understanding and facilitating the social outputs of urban green spaces (Paper presented at the International Conference ‘Open Space, People Space’, Edinburgh). Retrieved March 04, 2013 from: http://www.academia.edu/download/42048822/Understanding_and_Facilitating_the_Socia20160204-27525-1lo7nvh.pdf.

Coolen, H., & Meesters, J. (2012). Private and public green spaces: meaningful but different settings. Journal of Housing and Built Environment, 27, 49-67. doi:10.1007/s10901-011-9246-5.

Dunnett, N., Swanwick, C., & Woolley, H. (2002). Improving Urban Parks, Play Areas and Green Spaces. Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, London. Retrieved April 15, 2009 from: http://publiekeruimte.info/Data/Documents/e842aqrm/53/Improving-Urban-Parks.pdf.

English, D. B. K., Betz, C. J., Young, J. M., Bergstrom, J. C., & Cordell, H. K. (1993). Regional demand and supply projections for outdoor recreation. General Technical Report No. RM-230, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, August 1993, Colorado. Retrieved April 15, 2009 from: http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_rm/rm_gtr230.pdf.

English, D. B. K., & Cordell, H. K. (1993). Effective Recreation Opportunity Set (EROS) index: A computable measure of recreation supply. Research Paper No. SE-286, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Asheville, North Carolina.

Gangloff, D. (1995). The sustainable city. American Forests, 101, 30-36.

Georgi, J. N., & Dimitriou, D. (2010). The contribution of urban green spaces to the improvement of environment in cities: Case study of Chania, Greece. Building and Environment, 45, 1401-1414. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.12.003.

Germann-Chiari, C., & Seeland, K. (2004). Are urban green spaces optimally distributed to act as places for social integration? Results of a Geographical Information System (GIS) approach for urban forestry research. Forest Policy and Economics, 6, 3-13. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9341(02)00067-9.

Giles-Corti, B., Broomhall, M. H., Knuiman, M., Collins, C., Douglas, K., Ng, K., Lange, A., & Donovan, R. J. (2005). Increasing walking: How important is distance to, attractiveness and size of public open space? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 169-176. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2004.10.018.

Gilliland, J., Holmes, M., Irwin, J. D., & Tucker, P. (2006). Environmental equity is child’s play: mapping public provision of recreation opportunities in urban neighbourhoods. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 1(3), 256–268. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17450120600914522.

Gold, S. M. (1980). Recreation Planning and Design. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gómez, F., Jabaloyes, J., Montero, L., De Vicente, V., & Valcuende, M. (2011). Green areas, the most significant indicator of the sustainability of cities: Research on their utility for urban planning. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 137, 311-328. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000060.

Gürbüz, M. (2012). Urban technical infrastructure impact assessment. Retrieved March 17, 2014 from: http://www.csb.gov.tr/db/altyapi/editordosya/14-%20Mehmet%20%20GURBUZ-ILBANK.pdf (in Turkish).

Haq, S. A. (2011). Urban green spaces and an integrative approach to sustainable environment. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2, 601-608. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.25069.

Hicks, D. A. (1997). The inequality-adjusted human development index: A constructive proposal. World Development, 25, 1283-1298. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(97)00034-X.

Higgs, G., Fry, R., & Langford, M. (2012). Investigating the implications of using alternative GIS-based techniques to measure accessibility to green space. Environment and Planning B, 39, 326-343. doi: https://doi.org/10.1068/b37130.

Jim, C. Y. (2004). Green-space preservation and allocation for sustainable greening of compact cities. Cities, 21, 311-320. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2004.04.004.

Kabisch, N., & Haase, D. (2013). Green spaces of European cities revisited for 1990-2006. Landscape and Urban Planning, 110, 113-122. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.10.017.

Kabisch, N., & Haase, D. (2014). Green justice or just green? Provision of urban green spaces in Berlin, Germany. Landscape and Urban Planning, 122, 129-139. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.016.

Kotler, P., Jatusripitak, S., & Maesincee, S. (1997). The Marketing of Nations: A Strategic Approach to Building National Wealth. New York: Free Press.

Li, G., & Weng, Q. (2007). Measuring the quality of life in city of Indianapolis by integration of remote sensing and census data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 28, 249-267. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431160600735624.

Madanipour, A. (1999). Why are the design and development of public spaces significant for cities? Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 26, 879-891. doi:http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1068/b260879.

Marcouiller, D. W., Prey, J., & Scott, I. (2009). The regional supply of outdoor recreation resources: Demonstrating the use of location quotients as a management tool. Journal of Parks and Recreation Administration, 27(4), 92-107.

Nega, T., Fu, W. H., & Vrtis, G. (2010). Open space index: A GIS-based tool for assessing human penetration of a landscape. Local Environment, 15, 743-759. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2010.509387.

Peschardt, K. K., Schipperijn. J., & Stigsdotter, U. K. (2012). Use of Small Public Urban Green Spaces (SPUGS). Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 11, 235-244. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2012.04.002.

Phillips, L. E. (1996). Parks: Design and Management. New York: McGraw-Hill. Pulido, A. (1972). Statistics and social research techniques. Madrid: Anaya (in Spanish).

Santerre, R. E. (1985). Spatial differences in the demands for local public goods. Land Economics, 61, 119-128. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3145804.

Schipperijn, J., Ekholm, O., Stigsdotter, U. K., Toftager, M., Bentsen, P., Kamper-Jørgensen, F., & Randrup, T. B. (2010). Factors influencing the use of green space: Results from a Danish national representative survey. Landscape and Urban Planning, 95, 130-137. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.12.010.

Schöpfer, E., Lang, S., & Blaschke, T. (2004). A green index incorporating remote sensing and citizen's perception of green space. Centre for Geoinformatics, University of Salzburg. Retrieved April 28, 2009 from http://ispace.researchstudio.at/sites/ispace.researchstudio.at/ files/145.pdf.

Schyns, P., & Boelhouwer, J. (2002). Measuring quality of life in Amsterdam from the viewpoint of participation. The Amsterdam Bureau for Research and Statistics/Social and Cultural Planning Office. Retrieved April 28, 2009, http://www.ois.amsterdam.nl/pdf/2002 _quality_of_life.pdf.

Ståhle, A. (2010). More green space in a denser city: Critical relations between user experience and urban form. Urban Design International, 15, 47-67. http://dx.doi.org/doi: 10.1057/udi.2009.27.

Uslu, C., Altunkasa, M. F., Boyacıgil, O., Konaklı, N., & Salıcı, A. (2012). Bicycle master plan for Adana, Turkey. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 138, 62-69. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000069#sthash.DyFAiTRM.dpuf.

Van Herzele, A., & Wiedemann, T. (2003). A monitoring tool for the provision of accessible and attractive urban green spaces. Landscape and Urban Planning, 63, 109-126. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00192-5.

Willis, K. G., Turner, R. K., & Bateman, I. J. (2001). Urban Planning and Management. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Yildiz, N. D., Demir, M., & Yilmaz, S. (2011). Determination of the efficiency of green areas in Erzurum city. Scientific Research and Essays, 6, 293-304. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/SRE10.674.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/4087

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunina-20316

Metriche dell'articolo

Caricamento metriche ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
I cookie utilizzati servono al corretto funzionamento del sito. Proseguendo la navigazione senza modificare le impostazioni del browser, accetti di ricevere tutti i cookie.
Per maggiori informazioni.
ok


Direttore responsabile: Rocco Papa | print ISSN 1970-9889 | on line ISSN 1970-9870 | © 2008 | Registrazione: Cancelleria del Tribunale di Napoli, n° 6, 29/01/2008 | Rivista realizzata con Open Journal System e pubblicata dal Centro di Ateneo per le Biblioteche dell'Università di Napoli Federico II.