Analysis of the first urban regeneration area in Kocaeli after Gölcük earthquake by using zoning plans

  • Burcu Aslan Kocaeli University, Department of Geomatics Engineering https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5796-5127
  • Cankut Dağdal İnce Kocaeli University, Department of Geomatics Engineering
Keywords: Geographic Information Systems, Sustainability, Urban Regeneration, Zoning Plans, Natural Disaster Risk

Abstract

Rapidly growing cities following The Industrial Revolution remained insufficient to fulfill today's necessities. Also, natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods or unsound structures have affected the development of cities adversely. Although natural disasters can be unpredictable, the issue of preparing cities for natural disasters, planning cities and regulating laws accordingly are becoming increasingly crucial. Urban regeneration activities are one of these preventions taken in this purpose. It is observed that countries such as Turkey, faced with natural disasters intensively, suffer from serious physical, financial and moral losses. Therefore, urban renewal activities have gained importance in Turkey after The Gölcük Earthquake (7.4Mw) and The Düzce Earthquake (7.2Mw) in 1999. The first urban regeneration project in Kocaeli where was one of the cities experiencing hard collapses of these earthquakes is about to be completed. Research of the principles of urban sustainability and resiliency in urban regeneration practices, which are priority issues due to natural disaster risks, has come into prominence. It is important not only to make urban areas more resistant to disasters but also to design according to social, economic and ecological criteria to make more livable. In this study, social, health, green, transportation and educational areas of the first urban regeneration area in Kocaeli were examined in terms of the basic needs of the city. For this purpose, pre and post-project zoning plans are analyzed and transferred to the GIS. The areal changes in the above-mentioned needs are evaluated for changing population density and their sufficiencies are compared.

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Author Biographies

Burcu Aslan, Kocaeli University, Department of Geomatics Engineering

He was born in 1989 in Silivri district of Istanbul. She completed her bachelor’s degree in the Department of Geomatics Engineering at Kocaeli University in 2013. She completed her master's degree in Kocaeli University Geodesy and Geoinformation Engineering Department in 2017. She has been doctorating in the same department since 2017. In addition, she has been working as a Research Assistant in the Department of Geomatics Engineering at Kocaeli University since 2014. 

Cankut Dağdal İnce, Kocaeli University, Department of Geomatics Engineering

He  was born in 1968 in Kadıköy district of Istanbul. He completed his bachelor's degree in the Department of Geomatics Engineering at İstanbul Technical University in 1989. He graduated from Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering at Istanbul Technical University in 1992 and completed his master's degree. He completed his doctorate in the same department in 1999. In addition, between 1991-2002, he worked as a research assistant in Department of Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering in İstanbul Technical University. He has been giving lectures at the Department of Geomatics Engineering at Kocaeli University since 2002.

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Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
Aslan, B., & İnce, C. (2019). Analysis of the first urban regeneration area in Kocaeli after Gölcük earthquake by using zoning plans. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(1), 65-82. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5682
Section
Land Use, Mobility and Environment