Measuring walking accessibility to public transport for the elderly: the case of Naples

  • Enrica Papa School or Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster
  • Gerardo Carpentieri Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
  • Carmen Guida Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
Keywords: Elderly mobility, GIS, public transport system, Accessibility

Abstract

Demographic ageing represents an essential challenge for local authorities and public transport providers. Decision-makers should not ignore the speci c needs of this weak segment of the population and should implement appropriate policies. This paper develops a GIS-based method to analyse public transport accessibility of elderly people to support policies and planning strategies. To test the proposed method, we propose an application to the city of Naples in Italy. We selected this study case because it represents an example of high population density, complex urban structure and low level of quality of life, especially for the elderly. The application to the city of Naples showed that the urban accessibility changes dramatically for different age segments. Results also reveal patterns of public transport coverage that are signi cantly low particularly in suburban settings. The structure of this paper is organised into four sections: in the rst section, we introduce the main topic of mobility of elderly; in the second section, we describe and discuss the GIS-based method proposed; in the third section, we report on the application to the city of Naples; in the last section, we analyse the results and discuss future research developments.

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Author Biographies

Enrica Papa, School or Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster

Senior Lecturer in Transport Planning and Course Leader of the MSc Transport Planning and Management at the School of Architecture and Cities of the University of Westminster. Her research interest are in transport geography, Transit Oriented development and spatial accessibility planning

Gerardo Carpentieri, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
Engineer, Ph.D. in Civil Systems Engineering at University of Naples Federico II and Research Fellow of Land Use Planning at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering at University of Naples Federico II.
Carmen Guida, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA) - University of Naples Federico II
Ph.D Student in Civil Systems Engineering at Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of University of Naples Federico II

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Published
2018-10-16
How to Cite
Papa, E., Carpentieri, G., & Guida, C. (2018). Measuring walking accessibility to public transport for the elderly: the case of Naples. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 105-116. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5766
Section
Special Issue 2018. SIET Elderly mobility