Green is the colour. Standards, equipment and public spaces as paradigm for the Italian sustainable city

  • Giuseppe Mazzeo Institute of studies on Mediterranean Societies - National Research Council https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6204-9940
  • Floriana Zucaro Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II Italy
  • Rosa Morosini Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II Italy
Keywords: DM 1444/1968, Public city, Urban equipment, Standard, Italy

Abstract

The speed of the urban systems is related with a series of social, economic, and environmental transformations bringing often to a critic state that needs the redefinition of urban elements and relationships, in order to guarantee quality and safety to the inhabitants’ lives. Related to the new spatial conditions of planning is the topic of urban equipment that is an open matter in the urban politics.

Their relevance for Italian cities made them a symbol of democratization and quality of the cities, due to the obligatory of minimum quantities of spaces for public services. The 50 years from the issue of DM 1444 allows to express a series of evaluations on the role of the public equipment in the processes of urban transformation and governance. Starting from this analysis, the paper proposes adequate and updated solutions in terms of evolution of the standards categories and their quantitative and qualitative characteristics, deepening the role of the urban facilities as potential sources of innovation.

The first part of the paper highlights some elements related to the long period of application of the law, and the results of this application in terms of increase and quality in the urban equipment of the city. The second part explores the motivations behind the need for a comprehensive updating of the subject, referring to concepts such as sustainability, and quality of urban systems. In the third part, starting from new requirements, new needs, new risks affecting urban systems, as well as from critical points of the Italian law structure, the paper proposes new categories of urban planning standards and the related functional requirements they must to satisfy.

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Author Biographies

Giuseppe Mazzeo, Institute of studies on Mediterranean Societies - National Research Council

Researcher at the National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Studies on the Mediterranean Systems in Naples. Adjunct Professor of “Environmental Impact Assessment” at the Faculty of Science and Technology, Parthenope University of Naples, and of “Urban Planning Technique” at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Naples Federico II. It carries out research activity at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA, University of Naples Federico II) in urban and operative planning, strategic environmental assessment, and urban regeneration.

Floriana Zucaro, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II Italy

Engineer, she received a M.Sc. in Environmental and Territorial Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II with a specialization in management of urban and territorial transformations. In April 2015 she holds a PhD in Hydraulic, Transport and Territorial Systems Engineering at the Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering – University of Naples Federico II. Since 2014 she has been a scholarship holder within the Project Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory financed by PON 04A2_00120 R&C Axis II, from 2012 to 2015. Her research activity is focused on the integration of land use planning and energy saving policies in urban contests.

Rosa Morosini, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering - University of Naples Federico II Italy

Engineer, Ph.D. student in civil systems engineering at University of Naples Federico II. Her research topic concerns the urban planning transformations and soil consumption. The purpose is to identify supporting tools for the local authorities with the aim of minimizing the use of this resource and make it a sustainable use.

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Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
Mazzeo, G., Zucaro, F., & Morosini, R. (2019). Green is the colour. Standards, equipment and public spaces as paradigm for the Italian sustainable city. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(1), 31-52. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5836

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