Impacts of Land Disputes on Community Development

  • David Ngwoke Mbazor Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7437-8899
  • Babajide Ojo Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo state Nigeria
Keywords: Dispute, Land, Land in dispute, Land Ownership

Abstract

Land disputes as experienced in different parts of Nigeria have strong effect on rural and urban socio-economic development. Land disputes have disastrous and life threatening effects on individuals as well as on groups, communities and even entire nations. In view of this, the study examined the impacts of land disputes on the development of the affected communities. In achieving this, Three hundred and Seventeen (317) questionnaires were retrieved from the residents of the various villages that make up Inyimagu community in Ikwo local government area of Ebonyi state Nigeria, a community that has been ravaged by communal clashes with the adjoining villages including Nsobo community in Obubra local government area of Cross River state over the issue of land ownership. Data were analysed using a simple descriptive statistics. Finding shows that village claim of long time settlements, long-term enmity amongst families among others factors are the major reasons for the incessant land disputes in these communities. This has led to the massive loss of lives and properties both in the past and in the present. Conclusively, it is recommended that that the existing land law system in Nigeria should be comprehensively reviewed to fashion out a best policy such that makes both rural and urban lands to be centrally administered. It is further recommended that affected state governments should as a matter of urgency set up a team of experts such as Estate Surveyors and Valuers, Lawyers, Land Surveyors and Urban and Regional planners to embark on a comprehensive process that would lead to the establishment of land information management system for the states. This, on the long run, would foster an increased understanding of size and boundary of each individual’s hereditament particularly for the lands in dispute.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

David Ngwoke Mbazor, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria

David Ngwoke Mbazor currently works at the Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. David does research in Land Accessibility, Housing Quality, Workplace Facilities and Occupants' Health and Productivity. His current project is 'IMPACT OF HOUSING QUALITY ON OCCUPANTS' HEALTH AND PRODUCTIVITY'.

Babajide Ojo, Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo state Nigeria

Bachelor of Science( Estate Management), Master of Technology and Doctor of Philosophy in Estate Management at Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo state Nigeria.

References

Babangida, Ibrahim Badamasi, (2002). Ethnic Nationalities and the Nigerian State: The Dynamics and Challenges of Governance in a Plural Nigeria, Distinguished Annual Lecture, National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, Nigeria.

Barnett, Jon, and W. Neil Adger.(2007). Climate change, human security and violent conflict. Political Geography 26 (6), 39-655.

Conant, E. (2014). For National Geographic, Published March, 2004.

Chipo T.M (2016). The management of Land Disputes in Zambia and their Implications for Development: A case study of Mazabuka. A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master of Science in Peace, Leadership and Conflict Resolution Degree at the School of Education, University of Zambia and Zimbabwe Open University.

Dunmoye,R. Ayo, (2003). General Survey of Conflicts in the Middle Belt Zone in Africa Peace Review, Special Edition, Journal of Centre for Peace Research and Conflict, National War College, Abuja, Nigeria.

Egboka, B.C.E. and G.I. Nwankwor (1986). The hydro-geological and geo-technical parameters as causative agents in the generation of erosion in rain forest belt of Nigeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 3, 417-425.

Fabusoro, E., T. Matsumoto, and M. Taeb (2008). Land rights regimes in southwest Nigeria: implications for land access and livelihoods security of settled Fulani agro pastoralists. Land Degradation & Development Journal, 19(1), 91-103.

Fischer, MD, Ferlie, E (2013). Resisting hybridization between modes of clinical risk management: Contradiction, contest, and the production of intractable conflict. Accounting Organizations and Society 38(1), 30–49.

Gausset, Quentin, Michael A. W. and Torben B. eds. (1005). Beyond territory and scarcity: Exploring conflicts over natural resource management. Nordic Africa Institute.

Idemudia, Uwafiokun, and Uwem E. Ite (2006). Demystifying the Niger Delta conflict: towards an integrated explanation. Review of African Political Economy 33(109), 391-406.

Imbusch, P. Konflikttheorien. In: Imbusch, P. und R. Zoll (ed.): Friedens- und Konfliktforschung. Eine Einführung mit Quellen. (Friedens- und Konfliktforschung 1). Opladen (1999),117-150.

Mehlum, Halvor, Karl Moene, and Ragnar Torvik (2006). Institutions and the resource curse. The Economic Journal, 116 (508), 1-20.

Mudenda M. M. (2006). The Challenges of Customary Land Tenure in Zambia: Lusaka, 34-25.

Nwajide, C.S and H. Hogue (1979). Gulling processes in south eastern Nigeria. The Nigerian Fields, 44, 64-74.

Obasanjo, Olusegun, (2004). Text of Broadcast to the Nation on the Declaration of a State of Emergency in Plateau State on Tuesday May 18, 2004. in Daily Trust newspaper, Abuja, Wednesday, May 19, 2004.

Okagbue, C.O and J.C. Ezechi (1988). Geotechnical characteristics of soils susceptible to severe gullying in eastern Nigeria. Bulletin of International Asso. Of Engineering Geology, 38,111-119.

Okagbue C.O. (1986). The physical and mechanical properties of late-rite gravels from southeastern Nigeria relative to their engineering performance. Journal of African Earth Sci., 5(6), 659-664.

Olabode, A. D., and L. T. Ajibade (2010). Environment Induced Conflict and Sustainable Development: A Case of Fulani-Farmers’ Conflict In Oke-Ero LGAs, Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 12 (5), 259-2743.

Robert, J.G. (2012). Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts the Six Headwinds. NBER Working Paper No. 18315 Issued in August 2012 NBER Program(s). Development of the American Economy, Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship.

Ross, Michael L. (1999). The political economy of the resource curses. World politics 51(02), 297-322.

Ukaejiofor C.(2009). Identifying appropriate tools for land governance in Nigeria: Spatial data serving people. Land governance and environment building capacity, Hanoi, 2009.

Wehrmann, B. (2005). Urban and Peri-urban Land Conflicts in Developing Countries, Research Reports on Urban and Regional Geography 2. Berlin 2005.

Wehrmann (2008). Land Disputes: A practical guide to dealing with land disputes, Eschborn Germany.

Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
Mbazor, D., & Ojo, B. (2019). Impacts of Land Disputes on Community Development. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(1), 83-96. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5888
Section
Land Use, Mobility and Environment