Land Suitability Assessment of Green Infrastructure Development

A Case Study of Pendik District (Turkey)

  • Eda Ustaoglu Department of Geomatics Engineering, Technical University of Gebze
  • Arif Cagdas Aydınoglu Department of Geomatics Engineering, Technical University of Gebze
Keywords: Urban Green Space, Land Suitability Analysis, AHP, Fuzzy-AHP, GIS, Turkey


Urban green space, an integral part of urban ecosystems, provides important environmental and social services that mitigate environmental problems caused by rapid urbanisation and urban sprawl. Urban planning and policy aim at optimising the benefits obtained from urban green spaces. The analytic hierarch process (AHP) is a commonly used technique for suitability assessment of land uses. The traditional AHP method is criticised for its subjectivity and uncertainty. Considering this, Fuzzy-AHP has been introduced as an advanced methodology in dealing with the uncertainty in the decision making process. In this study, we compared the two methods of AHP and fuzzy-AHP integrated with geographic information systems (GIS) for the suitability assessment of Pendik district, Istanbul regarding green space development. First, criteria and sub-criteria were determined and the corresponding weights were assigned based on literature and experts’ knowledge. This is followed by preparation of spatial maps integrated with the corresponding weights and development of final suitability maps in both methods of AHP and fuzzy-AHP. Our results show that high suitability areas are mainly distributed in the southern part of Pendik district around the existing urban green infrastructure. In both maps obtained from AHP and fuzzy-AHP, more than 30 percent of the study area has the potential for green space development.


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Author Biographies

Eda Ustaoglu, Department of Geomatics Engineering, Technical University of Gebze

Eda Ustaoglu has a PhD in Planning and Public Policy from the School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, and until 2015 she worked at the European Commission-Joint Research Centre-Ispra as a scientific officer. She is currently working as a post-doc researcher at the Department of Geomatics Engineering at Gebze Technical University, Turkey. Her current research project focuses on developing a methodology for land-use modelling applications in selected case study areas in Istanbul. Over the past years, she has been involved in various projects, university studies and research activities in line with her graduate and post-graduate studies, which are directly related to the field of urban and environmental studies. Her research interests include urban economics, transport policy and planning, transportation infrastructure appraisal, spatial economics and land-use research.

Arif Cagdas Aydınoglu, Department of Geomatics Engineering, Technical University of Gebze

Arif Cagdas Aydınoglu lectures in urban information systems, geographic information science (GIS) and analysis techniques, geo-database management, sustainable land management, spatial data infrastructures, geo-web services and interoperability at the Department of Geomatics Engineering, Gebze Technical University, Turkey. His research interests include GIS, (national) spatial data infrastructure, interoperability and standards of geographic data, land management, urban/land GIS, and disaster management. He is currently vice-president of Gebze Technical University (GTU) and director of the Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences at GTU. Dr. Aydınoglu is professor at GTU since November 2017. He has published about 100 scientific papers, reports and journal articles and co-authored 3 books in Turkey and internationally.


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How to Cite
Ustaoglu, E., & Aydınoglu, A. (2019). Land Suitability Assessment of Green Infrastructure Development. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(2), 165-178.
Land Use, Mobility and Environment