Elders’ quality of life. A method to optimize pedestrian accessibility to urban services.

Keywords: elderly, spatial planning, gis, urban accessibility

Abstract

The progressive ageing of population requires rethinking the spatial planning of the urban spaces and activities to guarantee the best accessibility and usability to urban services of interest for the elderly segment of the population. In this perspective, the paper provides a methodology oriented to reorganize the urban services to better satisfy the renewed needs of over 65, by classifying the areas of a city according to (i) the levels of urban accessibility and (ii) the Functional Accessibility Soft zones (FASzones). In fact, the FASzones are the parts of the city where elderly can easily reach their services of interest due to the presence of "optimal" pedestrian routes fitting their behaviours. The results provide local decision-makers with useful suggestions for deciding where and how to in on the distribution and location of services, in order to increase urban accessibility for the over 65 by improving their quality of life. This methodological aim represents a first step in the broader MOBILAGE research work aimed at defining strategies, tools and actions to improve the pedestrian accessibility to urban services and places for elderly users.

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Author Biographies

Federica Gaglione, University of Naples Federico II - Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering

She is an engineer, Ph.D. in Civil Systems Engineering at University of Naples Federico II. Her research topic concerns the urban accessibility. The aim is to develop a decision support tool that, on an urban scale, allows to choose the most effective actions to improve urban accessibility for vulnerable users, by contributing to improve their quality of life.

Carmela Gargiulo, University of Naples Federico II - Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering

She is full professor of Urban Planning Techniques at the University of Naples Federico II. Since 1987 she has been involved in studies on the management of urban and territorial transformations. Since 2004, she has been Member of the Researcher Doctorate in Hydraulic, Transport and Territorial Systems Engineering of the University of Naples “Federico II”. She is Member of the Committee of the Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Department of the University of Naples “Federico II”. Her research interests focus on the processes of urban requalification, on relationships between urban transformations and mobility, and on the estate exploitation produced by urban transformations. On these subjects she has co-ordinated research teams within National Project such as Progetto Finalizzato Edilizia - Sottoprogetto “Processi e procedure” (Targeted Project on Building – Subproject “Processes and procedures), from 1992 to 1994; Progetto Strategico Aree Metropolitane e Ambiente, (Strategic Project Metropolitan Areas and Environment) from 1994 to 1995; PRIN project on the “Impacts of mobility policies on urban transformability, environment and property market” from 2011 to 2013. Principal investigator of the Project Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory financed by PON 04A2_00120 R&C Axis II, from 2012 to 2015. Scientific Responsible Unit Dicea Project by Fondazione Cariplo “MOBILAGE. Mobility and aging: daily life and welfare supportive networks at the neighborhood level” 2018-2020. Scientific Responsible Unit TeMALab Dicea ERASMUS+ Key Action2: Project “Development of a Master Programme in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries” (MIETC), partners: University of Santiago de Compostela (leading organization), University of Ljubljana, Academy of Science of Turkmenistan, Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsouz. Author of more than 140 publications. Since 2008 Associate Editor of TeMA Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment.

Floriana Zucaro, University of Naples Federico II - Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering

She is an engineer, she received a M.Sc. in Environmental and Territorial Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II with a specialization in management of urban and territorial transformations. In April 2015 she holds a PhD in Hydraulic, Transport and Territorial Systems Engineering at the Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering – University of Naples Federico II. In 2014 she was a scholarship holder within the Project Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory financed by PON 04A2_00120 R&C Axis II, from 2012 to 2015. Her research activity was focused on the integration of land use planning and energy saving policies in urban contests. Since 2018 she has been a research fellow on the “MOBILAGE - Mobility and aging: daily life and welfare supportive networks at the neighborhood level” project financed by Fondazione Cariplo (Grant n° 2017-0942). As part of this research, she worked on defining methods and techniques to improve urban accessibility for vulnerable users.

Published
2019-12-19
How to Cite
Gaglione, F., Gargiulo, C., & Zucaro, F. (2019). Elders’ quality of life. A method to optimize pedestrian accessibility to urban services. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(3), 295-312. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6272
Section
Land Use, Mobility and Environment

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