The role of the urban settlement system in the spread of Covid-19 pandemic. The Italian case

Keywords: Holistic approach, Settlement system, Spread of Covid-19 virus, Statistic analysis

Abstract

The paper proposes a focus on three main aspects related to the spread of the new coronavirus in our country: the correlations that have been established between the spread of the Covid-19 virus and the settlement system of our country; the urban and territorial phenomena that can be associated, positively or negatively, with the diffusion of the virus; and, finally, the correspondence between homogeneous clusters of Italian provinces (due to the current most significant urban phenomena) and the intensity and spread of the infection. The research is divided in four steps: the identification of the scientific and disciplinary approach, the definition of territorial areas and their descriptive variables, the choice of computational models, and the evaluation of the results. The main findings of the study highlight that significant correlations are not always identifiable between settlement characteristics and the spread of the infection. The diffusion of the new coronavirus is closely related to some of the main features of the demographic (e.g. people aged 65 years and above) and socio-economic (e.g. GDP for inhabitant) structure of the urban population.

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Author Biographies

Carmela Gargiulo, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

She is full professor of Urban Planning at the University of Naples Federico II. Since 1987 she has been involved in studies on the management of urban and territorial transformations. Her research interests focus on the processes of urban requalification, on relationships between urban transformations and mobility, and on the estate exploitation produced by urban transformations. On these subjects she has co-ordinated several research teams. Author of more than 150 publications.

Federica Gaglione, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

She is an engineer, Ph.D. student in Civil Systems Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II. Her research concerns the topic of urban accessibility. From August to December 2019 she served as a Visiting Researcher at the University of Aberdeen (UK) undertaking a significant amount of research regarding pedestrian accessibility for older persons.

Carmen Guida, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

She is an engineer, Ph.D. student in Civil Systems Engineering at Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of University of Naples Federico II. Currently, her Ph.D. research concerns accessibility to urban services for elderly people with the aim of minimizing social exclusion and inequalities within urban areas.

Rocco Papa, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

Professor Emeritus of Land Use Planning at the University of Naples Federico II, Polytechnic School and Basic Sciences. Full Professor of Land Use Planning at University of Naples Federico II, from 1993 to 2017. Director of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning DiPiST of University of Naples Federico II, from 1999 to 2005. Vice-Mayor of the Municipality of Naples, from 2001 to 2006. City Councilor for Livability for the Naples Municipality, from 1997 to 2001. Research activity, carried out continuously since 1974, has developed according to the following four main lines: the study of the interactions between urban and mobility systems; the management and governance of metropolitan areas. He is the author of more than 160 publications.

Floriana Zucaro, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

She is an engineer, she received a M.Sc. in Environmental and Territorial Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II with a specialization in management of urban and territorial transformations. In April 2015 she holds a PhD in Hydraulic, Transport and Territorial Systems Engineering at University of Naples Federico II. Since 2018 she has been a research fellow on the “MOBILAGE - Mobility and aging: daily life and welfare supportive networks at the neighborhood level” project financed by Fondazione Cariplo.

Gerardo Carpentieri, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

He is an engineer, Ph.D. in Civil Systems Engineering at University of Naples Federico II and Research Fellow of Land Use Planning at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II. From 2020, he is a member of Unina research group for the ERASMUS+ Key Action2: Project “Development of a Master Programme in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries” (MIETC).

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Published
2020-06-19
How to Cite
Gargiulo, C., Gaglione, F., Guida, C., Papa, R., Zucaro, F., & Carpentieri, G. (2020). The role of the urban settlement system in the spread of Covid-19 pandemic. The Italian case. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 189-212. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6864
Section
Special Issue - Covid-19 vs City-20