The Hospital System and the Urban Resilience

  • Francesca Pirlone Università degli Studi di Genova
Keywords: Hospital System, Urban Resilience

Abstract

The concept of resilience is critical when addressing the issue of natural hazards.

The role of an urban planner is to analyze the territorial system, consisting of several functional sub-systems (housing, education, health, etc..) and its vulnerability. In order to have a specific knowledge of the territory in question, before the occurrence of a disaster it would be necessary, for each functional system, analyze various aspects and define risk simulations. In a city, in fact, there are strategic elements that should not lose functionality during or following a natural event; the definition of specific scenarios could put structures exposed to risk on safety in order not to compromise the system.

In this paper I report a specific experience of research carried out within the hospital system that, in case of occurrence of a natural event, is often simultaneously exposed, and therefore need of rescue, and it is a dispenser of rescue. It’s considered strategic because it has to ensure the functionality of its service regardless of the occurrence of external events, such as natural ones; its functionality must be ensured in the continuum. In today is not very thorough the scientific literature about the analysis of the hospital system in respect of such events.

Given the importance of the theme there are several initiatives, also promoted by The Italian Civil Protection, in particular the drafting of hospital emergency plans, which cover issues such as fire, road accidents, floods, ... Interesting was the collaboration between the Italian Civil Protection Department with Applied Technology Council for the planning of a background paper intended for the preparation of earthquake emergency plans, within which there are also aspects of prevention such as the evaluation of seismic vulnerability of hospitals themselves.

The described methodology has allowed the definition of risk simulations for the hospital system, starting from the determination of qualitative and quantitative indices of hazard, vulnerability and exposure in support of plan emergency hospital. Specific focus was directed to the exposure, determined dynamically, going to know how the situation changes in the hospital complex, depending on the passing of hours a day. In these scenarios we introduced the parameter “time”, concept of the time policies (actions for the quality of the urban conditions of life of its citizens, acting on the aspects of urban functions and times of their coordination).

Case study is the town of Cuneo and the considered event is the earthquake.

The new “Planning and emergency hospital Plans” could well be a step forward for the safety of the territory. These could be an integral part of the town civil protection plans (not only dedicated to the emergency but also to forecast), in turn attached to urban plans in order to become operational tools of strategies and policies needed to increase urban resilience.

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Author Biography

Francesca Pirlone, Università degli Studi di Genova

Francesca Pirlone, PhD, engineer and assistant professor in town planning at the Faculty of Engineering of University of Genoa. She has developed different lines of research, from the safety of a territory by natural disasters, the development and environmental sustainability, infrastructural issues and land management, activities carried out in particular in the context of EU programs. Author of numerous publications and speakers at international and national conferences.

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Published
2012-07-15
How to Cite
Pirlone, F. (2012). The Hospital System and the Urban Resilience. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(2), 89-100. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/888