The New Cispadana Motorway. Impact on Industrial Buildings Property Values

  • Simona Tondelli Department of Architecture, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna 
Italy
  • Filippo Scarsi Department of Architecture, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna 
Italy
Keywords: transport externalities, land use equalisation, land value capture, urban planning

Abstract

Infrastructures, through externalities, modify the territorial status quo: by creating advantages and disadvantages, they lead to inequalities and territorial cohesion problems, calling for a setup of territorial equalization mechanisms. In this paper, the estimation of the costs and benefits generated from the building of the new Cispadana regional motorway (Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy) is described. The study focuses on the price variations of the industrial buildings property values in the real estate market after the new motorway will be built, aiming at developing a forecasting method, which could be repeatable and applicable to other kinds of externalities. Thanks to the hedonic pricing method, which is recurring in transport literature, using a multiple linear regression model based on ordinary least squares method (OLS), the contribution of the accessibility on the industrial buildings' pricing has been isolated; it was then possible to forecast the rise in the industrial buildings prices that will be due to the accessibility variation produced by the new infrastructure. The purpose of such a procedure is the setup of equalization mechanisms, which can re-balance the territorial effects though he so-called “land value capture” tools. Thanks to a relatively quick phase of development and implementation, the  described application could be used as a tool for the ex-ante evaluation of different infrastructure projects and as an ex-post analysis tool for the monitoring of an existing infrastructure. Finally, thanks to the chance to understand the contribution of each territorial feature to the final price of the good, this application could be very useful in participatory planning processes because it could provide a common knowledge base which could be used to support the public administration’s capability of negotiation with the private partner, both in the  participatory planning processes and in the public-private partnership procedures.

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Author Biographies

Simona Tondelli, Department of Architecture, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna 
Italy

PhD, confirmed researcher in Urban Planning and Techniques, assistant professor in Urban and Spatial Planning at Bologna University.Her research activity concerns the field of the methods and techniques supporting town and country planning, with particular reference to the integration of sustainable development principles in the planning tools, to the environmental assessment of land use suitability and to the transport networks role in supporting sustainable urban dynamics.

Filippo Scarsi, Department of Architecture, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna 
Italy
He had a master Degree in Architecture and Building Engineering at Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna in 2011 with a thesis entitled “Transport infrastructures and land equalization: case of study Cispadana Regional Motorway”. In 2009 he did an internship at Regione Emilia Romagna working on a paper about internalisation of external transport costs. From June 2011, he cooperates with “Bellini-Pezzoli Architecture and Engineering office” in Imola (BO), working on architectural and structural design.

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Published
2012-11-24
How to Cite
Tondelli, S., & Scarsi, F. (2012). The New Cispadana Motorway. Impact on Industrial Buildings Property Values. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(3), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/928