Enhancing Resilience of London by Learning from Experiences

  • Funda Atun Politecnico di Milano, Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Development
Keywords: Resilience, Flood risk, Disaster risk management

Abstract

The concept of resilience was introduced at the beginning of the 70s to indicate the capability of natural systems to absorb perturbations, preserving their structure and keeping the system functioning. The paper considers London as an example to a resilient city by focusing on some remarkable disasters in the history of London, such as the Great Fire of 1666, the air raids during the World War 2, 18 December 1987 Kings Cross Fire, terrorist attack to tube network on the 7th of July 2005, 1928 flooding and 1953 storm surge. The paper starts by giving short descriptions of these disasters and continues by discussing the lessons learned. In this paper, the concept of resilience has been studied in three phases: prepare for, respond to and recover from a disaster. Besides, actions that have to be taken according to these three phases are going to be explored in detail. In conclusion, the notable effects of the mentioned disasters on the structural and non-structural tools for disaster prevention have been revealed by considering resilience of London.

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Author Biography

Funda Atun, Politecnico di Milano, Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Development

She received her B.Sc. degree in City and Regional Planning (Middle East Technical University, Ankara) in 2006, her M.Sc. degree in Urban Planning and Policy Design (Politecnico di Milano, Milano) in 2009. She has collaborated in research projects at POLIMI in the field of disaster risk management. She is currently a Ph.D. candidate in the department of Spatial Planning and Urban Development at POLIMI. Her Ph.D. thesis is on improving resilience in case of natural disasters by focusing on transportation system in London and Istanbul megacities.

References

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Website References:

Met Office: Great weather events: the UK east coast floods of 1953, online at:

http://www.metlink.org/pdf/teachers/1953_east_coast_floods.pdf

RIBA Library Drawings and Archives Collections (30.04.2012) online at:

http://www.architecture.com/LibraryDrawingsAndPhotographs/OnlineWorkshops/UrbanAdventures/01Wren.aspx

Stephen Inwood, A History of London (30.04.2012) online at:

http://london.allinfo-about.com/features/rebuilding.html

Published
2012-07-15
How to Cite
Atun, F. (2012). Enhancing Resilience of London by Learning from Experiences. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(2), 147-158. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/940