Mobility participatory processes:Agenda21 and best practices

  • Pietro Ugolini DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova
  • Francesca Pirlone DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova
  • Ilenia Spadaro DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova
Keywords: partecipation, mobility, soustaneability, Decision Support System

Abstract

The prediction and realization of mobility actions, other than those already existing in a territory, often result in conflicts between the proponents (for example Administrations) and the population. Question not only of new road infrastructures but also new forms of mobility, such as best practice to make the sector sustainable. For example we can remember some tools of sustainable mobility, as Urban Traffic Plan or Urban Mobility Plan; the traffic calming measures, as areas with limited traffic, car sharing, car pooling; soft mobility as bike sharing; actions of local public transport as park and ride; communication and formative actions, as eco-driving courses and happybus (for children).

Certainly the construction of important infrastructures, strategic internationally, catalyze public attention because they pose problems to the entire community, but very often are the local works to determine conflicts. This paper focuses on this second aspect that is of major impact in our daily lives.

In order to achieve adequate sustainability thresholds for mobility and a general consensus shared at different involved levels, a fundamental role is played by "participation" that arises as a solution to the conflict aforementioned. Steps of the participatory process are information, awareness, communication and training.

A tool that allows you to achieve these objectives and facilitate the participatory process is the Agenda XXI, which, as noted, includes within it (after a survey on the environmental status and highlighting the present criticality studied by experts), consultation  tables (forums) with the different actors involved (government, population, technical, business, ...).

In this paper we report the main results obtained in the search experience aimed at identifying best practices on sustainable mobility and its applicability thresholds useful to analyze and define, in a shared and co-responsible way, what are the good actions to take to an area considered. A best practice cannot be applied in different territorial areas, because the characteristics (cultural, physical or commercial development...) of each territory are various.

The research wants to categorize "the virtuous cases" to be able to define types of actions for replication in areas with similar characteristics.

From the above mentioned (reconnaissance and evaluative analysis on the case) it was possible to define two types of Decision Support System: the first, in general, defines a database of all possible best practices on sustainable mobility and the second is specific to a determinate territory (the latter is obtained by first, taking into account the identified applicability thresholds). This is to set the frameworks useful to administrators and people (involved in the first person) to be shared in the processes of Agenda XXI (forums) aimed at a participatory governance, without unnecessary conflicts.

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Author Biographies

Pietro Ugolini, DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova
Pietro Ugolini, engineer, professor of town planning at the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Genoa. He is director of CRUIE Research Center for town planning, infrastructure and ecology, which operates in the field of planning and territorial management. He has a large teaching experience developed in the Faculty of Engineering in Genoa and in the Faculty of Architecture in Milan. Author of a lot of publications and participations at national and international conferences.
Francesca Pirlone, DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova
Francesca Pirlone, PhD, engineer and assistant professor in town planning at the Faculty of Engineering of University of Genoa. She has developed different lines of research, from the safety of a territory by natural disasters, the development and environmental sustainability, infrastructural issues and land management, activities carried out in particular in the context of EU programs. Author of numerous publications and speakers at international and national conferences.
Ilenia Spadaro, DICAT - Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio - Università degli Studi di Genova

Ilenia Spadaro, PhD, engineer, she carries out activities at Faculty of Engineering of University of Genoa, where she is assistant in courses on “Town and Territorial Planning”. Her research (in particular EU programs) are focused on ensuring safety of a territory by a natural event, application of GIS to the territorial planning, environmental sustainability of urban areas. Author of several publications and participations, as speaker, at national and international conferences.

 

References

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Published
2011-12-03
How to Cite
Ugolini, P., Pirlone, F., & Spadaro, I. (2011). Mobility participatory processes:Agenda21 and best practices. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 4(4), 25-34. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/507