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Mobilità sostenibile in Europa: il ruolo della partecipazione alla scala di quartiere

Ila Maltese, Ilaria Mariotti

Abstract


In questo articolo sono analizzate le strategie di mobilità sostenibile di alcune best practices di sostenibilità, italiane ed europee, a scala di quartiere.

Lo scopo è evidenziare quanto siano presenti e significative le iniziative compartecipate – sotto forma di partnership più o meno strutturate tra pubblico e privato o semplicemente di condivisione di intenti – per il raggiungimento di livelli elevati di sostenibilità. L’accesso e la partecipazione dei diversi stakeholders ai processi decisionali e di valutazione, infatti, contribuisce, da un lato, ad una migliore conoscenza degli obiettivi, dall’altro, ad una riduzione del grado di conflitto.

L’analisi si concentra sulla valutazione del grado di mobilità sostenibile di 37 quartieri europei a partire da indicatori e criteri mutuati dalla letteratura; in particolare, i modelli di riferimento sono l’Esagono di Nijkamp, approntato per la valutazione ex-post della sostenibilità a scala urbana (Nijkamp, 1993) e di quartiere (Cerreta e Salzano, 2009) e il modello di Holden (2007), più specificamente focalizzato sulle leve di intervento per il raggiungimento della mobilità sostenibile.

Inoltre, sei casi - studio verranno approfonditi, allo scopo di valutare l’impatto della partecipazione sul grado di mobilità sostenibile a scala di quartiere.

L’articolo è strutturato come segue: l’introduzione è seguita da una breve rassegna della letteratura e dalla descrizione della metodologia utilizzata. Sono poi presentati alcuni risultati derivati dalla elaborazione dei dati e l’approfondimento sui sei casi – studio. Seguono, infine, le conclusioni.


Keyword


Mobilità sostenibile, Quartiere, Valutazione ex-post, Partecipazione

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/528

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunina-11616

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Direttore responsabile: Rocco Papa | print ISSN 1970-9889 | on line ISSN 1970-9870 | © 2008 | Registrazione: Cancelleria del Tribunale di Napoli, n° 6, 29/01/2008 | Rivista realizzata con Open Journal System e pubblicata dal Centro di Ateneo per le Biblioteche dell'Università di Napoli Federico II.