Tema - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment 2019-05-20T09:15:27+00:00 Rocco Papa Open Journal Systems <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> Editorial Preface: TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment 1 (2019) 2019-05-01T14:43:08+00:00 Rocco Papa 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Good Practices for the Management of Fragile Territories Resilience 2019-05-17T09:30:32+00:00 Federica Pignatelli Mariangela De Vita Pierluigi Properzi <p class="MDPI18keywords"><span lang="EN-US">Italy is a territory frequently affected by natural disasters that have a huge impact on urban transformations. The physical and socio-economical reconstruction process of a territory damaged by a traumatic event at first pursues the path of emergency management and subsequently the rehabilitation of the damaged areas. These political and economic strategies are still unsystematic, so it is difficult to foresee eithers long or short term effects. This paper presents an analysis carried out on the city of L'Aquila following the earthquake of 2009, in which indicators were defined to assess and monitor the reconstruction process. The method used to define the indicators is 'absolute', in such a way as to represent a replicable model that can be adapted to different territorial and emergency contexts. Furthermore, the set of indicators proposed can be used not only to monitor the reconstruction process, but also to guide public policies and to suggest shared strategic guidelines, not originated by the urgency of after-shock conditions. The proposed model is a tool to be used from the early stages of reconstruction, in order to predict the outcome of the reconstruction itself. In this way, it is possible to manage urban transformation in a coherent and organic way in all its phases by adopting a single tool. The use of the model shown in the research also makes it possible to enhance the resilience of a territory by exploiting its intrinsic characteristics.</span></p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Green is the colour. Standards, equipment and public spaces as paradigm for the Italian sustainable city 2019-05-13T09:58:43+00:00 Giuseppe Mazzeo Floriana Zucaro Rosa Morosini <p>The speed of the urban systems is related with a series of social, economic, and environmental transformations bringing often to a critic state that needs the redefinition of urban elements and relationships, in order to guarantee quality and safety to the inhabitants’ lives. Related to the new spatial conditions of planning is the topic of urban equipment that is an open matter in the urban politics.</p> <p>Their relevance for Italian cities made them a symbol of democratization and quality of the cities, due to the obligatory of minimum quantities of spaces for public services. The 50 years from the issue of DM 1444 allows to express a series of evaluations on the role of the public equipment in the processes of urban transformation and governance. Starting from this analysis, the paper proposes adequate and updated solutions in terms of evolution of the standards categories and their quantitative and qualitative characteristics, deepening the role of the urban facilities as potential sources of innovation.</p> <p>The first part of the paper highlights some elements related to the long period of application of the law, and the results of this application in terms of increase and quality in the urban equipment of the city. The second part explores the motivations behind the need for a comprehensive updating of the subject, referring to concepts such as sustainability, and quality of urban systems. In the third part, starting from new requirements, new needs, new risks affecting urban systems, as well as from critical points of the Italian law structure, the paper proposes new categories of urban planning standards and the related functional requirements they must to satisfy.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Success Factors of Smart Cities: A Systematic Review of Literature from 2000-2018 2019-05-01T14:43:10+00:00 Abdulaziz Aldegheishem <p>The aim of this paper is to review smart city literature to achieve these goals. More than 150 sources of literature were approached and analyzed with a view of finding out drivers and success indicators of smart cities on which future research policies are depend. The results pointed out several drivers that stimulate cities to be smart. These drivers are related to economy, environment, governance, safety, energy, living, technology, buildings, education and people. Interestingly, a smart city should be distinguished by smartness extent achieved to meet the requirements of these drivers. That is, a smart city is the one that marked by its own smart economy, smart environment, smart governance, smart safety, smart energy, smart living, smart technology, smart buildings, smart education and smart people. This paper contributes to smart city literature by showing drivers and indicators related to smart cities success.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of the first urban regeneration area in Kocaeli after Gölcük earthquake by using zoning plans 2019-05-01T14:36:29+00:00 Burcu Aslan Cankut Dağdal İnce <p>Rapidly growing cities following The Industrial Revolution remained insufficient to fulfill today's necessities. Also, natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods or unsound structures have affected the development of cities adversely. Although natural disasters can be unpredictable, the issue of preparing cities for natural disasters, planning cities and regulating laws accordingly are becoming increasingly crucial. Urban regeneration activities are one of these preventions taken in this purpose. It is observed that countries such as Turkey, faced with natural disasters intensively, suffer from serious physical, financial and moral losses. Therefore, urban renewal activities have gained importance in Turkey after The Gölcük Earthquake (7.4Mw) and The Düzce Earthquake (7.2Mw) in 1999. The first urban regeneration project in Kocaeli where was one of the cities experiencing hard collapses of these earthquakes is about to be completed. Research of the principles of urban sustainability and resiliency in urban regeneration practices, which are priority issues due to natural disaster risks, has come into prominence. It is important not only to make urban areas more resistant to disasters but also to design according to social, economic and ecological criteria to make more livable. In this study, social, health, green, transportation and educational areas of the first urban regeneration area in Kocaeli were examined in terms of the basic needs of the city. For this purpose, pre and post-project zoning plans are analyzed and transferred to the GIS. The areal changes in the above-mentioned needs are evaluated for changing population density and their sufficiencies are compared.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impacts of Land Disputes on Community Development 2019-05-01T14:43:11+00:00 David Ngwoke Mbazor Babajide Ojo <p><em>Land disputes as experienced in different parts of Nigeria have strong effect on rural and urban socio-economic development. Land disputes have disastrous and life threatening effects on individuals as well as on groups, communities and even entire nations. In view of this, the study examined the impacts of land disputes on the development of the affected communities. In achieving this, Three hundred and Seventeen (317) questionnaires were retrieved from the residents of the various villages that make up Inyimagu community in Ikwo local government area of Ebonyi state Nigeria, a community that has been ravaged by communal clashes with the adjoining villages including Nsobo community in Obubra local government area of Cross River state over the issue of land ownership. Data were analysed using a simple descriptive statistics. Finding shows that village claim of long time settlements, long-term enmity amongst families among others factors are the major reasons for the incessant land disputes in these communities. This has led to the massive loss of lives and properties both in the past and in the present. Conclusively, it is recommended that that the existing land law system in Nigeria should be comprehensively reviewed to fashion out a best policy such that makes both rural and urban lands to be centrally administered. It is further recommended that affected state governments should as a matter of urgency set up a team of experts such as Estate Surveyors and Valuers, Lawyers, Land Surveyors and Urban and Regional planners to embark on a comprehensive process that would lead to the establishment of land information management system for the states. This, on the long run, would foster an increased understanding of size and boundary of each individual’s hereditament particularly for the lands in dispute.</em></p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review Pages: The Times They Are a-Changin' 1 (2019) 2019-05-20T09:15:27+00:00 Gennaro Angiello Gerardo Carpentieri Rosa Morosini Maria Rosa Tremiterra Andrea Tulisi <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events), each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.</p> 2019-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##