TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. From 2016, TeMA is a scientific journal in A category by ANVUR (excellent scientific journal according to Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes). TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="http://sparceurope.org/">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="http://www.sparceurope.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="http://www.doaj.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> CAB - Center for Libraries University of Naples "Federico II" using Open Journal System en-US TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment 1970-9889 <p>Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:</p> <p>1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons License - Attribution</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p>2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.</p> <p><br>3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</p> <div class="separator">&nbsp;</div> <h3>&nbsp;</h3> The city challenges and external agents. Methods, tools and best practices http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8011 Rocco Papa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 3 4 Fostering the climate-energy transition with an integrated approach http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7157 <p>Cities have a key role in tackling the challenges related to climate change and they constitute an ideal framework to engage with low carbon and green agendas, and to transform the built environment with resilient and inclusive measures. In this paper, the relationship between adaptation and mitigation strategies has been investigated, to evaluate the possibility of combining them in planning policies and design practices. To this end, recent studies and European policies are reviewed to examine the interrelation between adaptation and mitigation strategies, and to explore to which extent a more integrated approach is foreseen towards urban transitions. The review allows an assessment of synergies, trade-offs and conflicts between adaptation and mitigation in urban practices and highlights several win-win solutions, such as Green Urban Infrastructure and climate sensitive design. However, the analysis indicates a lack of guidance and coordination, leading to the tendency to consider separately adaptation and mitigation, both in policy and in practice. The study intends to provide an overview of the interrelations and to present the gaps in current processes, with the aim of fostering a more integrated approach at the local level and of implementing more efficiently low carbon and adaptive solutions.</p> Anna Codemo Sara Favargiotti Rossano Albatici ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 5 20 10.6092/1970-9870/7157 Project suggestions for post-earthquake interventions in Italy http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7568 <p>Over the past 30 years, post-earthquake emergency event management in Italy has far too often focused on the provision of temporary wooden housing modules to accommodate displaced residents transferred from their areas of origin to other places. This has led to losing sight of the central objective of resettlement in the areas of origin of the displaced population. Despite significant financial contributions allocated by the Central Government, unacceptable delays in reconstruction have almost always occurred. This study is aimed at providing a set of practical suggestions, to make it possible for the population to lead an acceptable “coexistence” with the seismic risk in the high hilly and mountainous areas. This paper also highlights some contents of the recent implementation urban plans (SUM Minimum Urban Structures), which are meant to serve as a dynamic tool for the revival of fragile areas. A few operational recommendations concern the criteria for the choice of the areas where temporary wooden housing modules are to be established in the transitional phase, near the city centre. Finally, the operational suggestions delivered by the study may provide an opportunity to raise the risk protection level and enhance the most important available resource: human capital.</p> Maria Angela Bedini Giovanni Marinelli ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 21 32 10.6092/1970-9870/7568 Congestion toll pricing and commercial land-use: clients' and vendors' perspective http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7355 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">This study outlines the effects of congestion toll pricing on commercial land-uses (CLUs) through studying the temporary and permanent impacts of client behavior on the CLUs. In the case study of Tehran metropolis, Iran's capital, which has experienced congestion pricing for more than four decades, both clients and vendors' viewpoints were modeled using discrete choice models. Two types of questionnaires were provided to evaluate clients' and vendors' behavior in response to the traffic congestion zone charges. The clients of three businesses, including garments, electronics, and home appliances, were more sensitive to toll price changes. A 20-percent increase in toll prices led to a substantial client loss in the above businesses in the long run due to accessibility decrease in their utility function. Consequently, the vendors preferred to change their approach and sell different goods; then, they gradually tended to migrate outside of the congestion zone.</span></p> Mahmoud Saffarzadeh Hamid Mirzahossein Ebrahim Amiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 33 49 10.6092/1970-9870/7355 Recycled aggregates in constructions. A case of circular economy in Sardinia (Italy) http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7354 <p>The paper is the result of an ongoing research, considering the use of raw and recycled materials in the construction sector. In particular, the idea is considering such use within a Circular Economy framework, analysing its potentials in the case of the closed market of Sardinia Island (Italy), identifying potential clusters and their ‘optimal’ shape.&nbsp; In the paper, we highlight a theoretical framework for circular economy, adapting a classical model of industrial location to the construction sector. We build a georeferenced database of activities related to the extraction, processing and disposal of materials related to construction, as a result of the MEISAR Project - https://meisar.org/en/. Such a result is presented in a tool named MEISAR_Map; we then propose a method, based on spatial analytical techniques, namely point pattern analysis, for delimiting spatial clusters. The closed market of Sardinia is analyzed and, in particular, the case study of the new football stadium in Cagliari, which involves the demolition of the existing stadium and the use of "secondary" raw materials for the construction of the new Cagliari stadium.</p> Ginevra Balletto Giuseppe Borruso Giovanni Mei Alessandra Milesi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 51 68 10.6092/1970-9870/7354 Bicycle and urban design. A lesson from Covid-19 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7716 <p>The central role of the car in city mobility has led to a decreased capacity for people to choose another alternative form of mobility. In recent decades, some cities have set policies where cycling has become increasingly important. Urban mobility policies in response to Covid-19 have reinforced this perspective.&nbsp; Throughout the analysis of urban bicycle studies, the paper investigates the role of mobility for society and the design of our cities? What the role of sustainable mobility, in particular how the bicycle is addressing the Covid-19 emergency. During and after this emergency, the use of the bicycle addresses urban quality and liveability for spaces. The research studies the urban policies of 5 cities: Barcelona, Bogota, Brussels, Milan and Paris and analyses the measures implemented during the first lock down, since February 2020 to May 2020. In all cities studied, the bicycle modal shares and the bicycle infrastructure has increased. Covid-19 allowed the bicycle to prove it is the safest, most efficient urban mode of transport. The action carried out, in the cities studied, affected not only on the hard aspects reshaping the cities with permanent and temporary solutions but also on soft aspects acting on people's perception and use and choosing how to move. Transport studies and policies involving bicycles are not just ‘about cycling’, but about sustainable, productive, and prosperous cities.</p> Nicolò Fenu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 69 92 10.6092/1970-9870/7716 Ecological transition: which transactions? http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7878 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships between urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban planning literature review section aims at presenting recent books and journals, within global scientific panorama, on selected topics and issues. This contribution aims at defining the definition and intervention domain of ecological transition. The outbreak of a novel coronavirus and consequent health, economic and social crisis is leading to a new era: significant financial resources, plenty room for economic manoeuvres may turn the ongoing pandemic into an opportunity, for the next years, to build more sustainable societies and environments. Within this scenario, urban areas play an essential role, as proved in the second paragraph with the support of interesting scientific publications, which are reviewed in the contribution.</p> Carmen Guida Federica Natale ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 93 98 10.6092/1970-9870/7878 Strategies and guidelines for urban sustainability: the impacts of the Covid-19 on energy systems http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7875 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is a continuous update about emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment thanks to a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made up of five parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of the TeMA Journal. In particular: The Town Planning International Rules and Legislation Overview section aims at presenting the latest updates in the territorial and urban legislative sphere.</p> <p>The Covid-19 pandemic is causing a major impact on energy systems. Improving the energy efficiency of urban areas is now the cornerstone of scientific community and the European Commission discussions. Thus, the content of this review note aims at carrying out an analysis of the latest documents of the European Commission before and during the slow recovery from Covid-19 with the aim of identifying the priorities and areas on which to intervene to reduce energy consumption in different territorial contexts.</p> Federica Gaglione ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 99 104 10.6092/1970-9870/7875 Toward greener and pandemic-proof cities: North American cities policy responses to Covid-19 outbreak http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7922 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban practices section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie the challenges that the cities have to face. The present note provides an overview of the policies and initiatives undertaken in three North American cities in response to the Covid-19 outbreak: New York City (US), Mexico City (MX) and Montreal (CA). A cross-city analysis is used to derive a taxonomy of urban policy measures. The contribution discusses the effectiveness of each measures in providing answers to epidemic threats in urban areas while, at the same time, improving the sustainability and resilience of urban communities. </span></p> Gennaro Angiello ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 105 111 10.6092/1970-9870/7922 Citizen science: involving citizens in research projects and urban planning http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7892 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Economy, business and land use section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie socio-economic relationships between firms and territories. The present note tackles the issue of citizen science, a new data collection methodology for research project that generates sustainability benefits, and that is recently finding applications in urban context to solve social and environmental issues while providing useful information that can be also used to develop urban plans.</p> Stefano Franco Francesco Cappa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 14 1 114 118 10.6092/1970-9870/7892