TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. From 2016, TeMA is a scientific journal in A category by ANVUR (excellent scientific journal according to Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes). TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="http://sparceurope.org/">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="http://www.sparceurope.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="http://www.doaj.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:</p> <p>1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons License - Attribution</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p>2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.</p> <p><br>3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</p> <div class="separator">&nbsp;</div> <h3>&nbsp;</h3> direttoreresponsabile.tema@unina.it (Rocco Papa) redazione.tema@unina.it (TeMA Staff) Thu, 31 Dec 2020 01:01:17 +0000 OJS 2.4.8.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial Preface: TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment 3 (2020) http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7520 Rocco Papa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7520 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Logistic models explaining the determinants of biking for commute and non-commute trips in Lahore, Pakistan http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6983 <p>The determinants of biking behaviour are less studied in a wide range of developing countries including South Asia. This study takes Lahore, Pakistan as a case-study city to explore the factors defining commute and non-commute bike trips as well as commuting by bike. These issues were analysed by collecting data from 379 subjects accommodating in three socio-economic statuses (lower, medium, and higher) in Lahore in spring 2018. The data were analysed by applying multinomial logistic regression for investigating biking frequency and binomial logistic regression for examining commuting by bike. The results show that gender, age, education, income, purpose of majority of trips, preferred distance to travel using cycle, preferred time to travel using cycle, and preferred bike trip purpose are significantly correlated with biking frequency. The significant determinants of bicycle commuting included categories of education, the purpose of the majority of trips, using bike in combination with other modes, preferred distance to bike, preferred biking time, and preferred bike trip purpose are associated with bicycle commuting. Commuting by bike is more popular in socio-economically weaker neighbourhoods. The discussion of this study shows that the determinants of biking in the sample in Lahore are different from those that have already been addressed by studies undertaken in high-income countries. <strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Houshmand Masoumi, Muhammad Asim, Izza Anwer, S. Atif Bilal Aslam ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6983 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A GIS-based automated procedure to assess disused areas http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7039 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">Regeneration of disused sites represents a significant opportunity. The scientific interest in their redevelopment possibilities has grown considerably in recent years. Despite this, a shared definition of disused sites which goes beyond that of brownfields and allows recognition the size of the problem on a transnational scale is still lacking. This study provides an overview of the main definitions provided by scientific literature and on this basis, it proposes a parametric definition of <em>functionally disused areas</em>. Subsequently, a GIS-based operational tool able to map functionally disused areas through a progressive screening of the local territory is introduced. The proposed methodology is tested on two Italian municipalities. It is the first step of a research aimed at defining a wider process able to assess the possibility of converting disused areas into multifunctional or monofunctional “smart” districts. They could be, indeed, characterized by a mixed use – contributing to soil consumption reduction – or by a single use – “social infrastructures” – linked to the needs that emerged as result of Covid 19 pandemic. This assessment process, hence, could support urban planning both at ordinary and emergency phase, allowing to identify in very short time areas where temporary facilities could be installed. </span></p> Mauro Francini, Nicole Margiotta, Annunziata Palermo, Maria Francesca Viapiana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7039 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Land surface temperature and land cover dynamics. A study related to Sardinia, Italy http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7143 <p>This study aims at analyzing analogies and differences between the spatial relations regarding land surface temperature (LST) and land covers in May and August 2019. Land cover data are drawn from the most updated spatial datasets available from Copernicus, while LST is retrieved from Landsat 8 satellite images made available by the U.S. Geological Survey. The methodology couples GIS spatial analysis and regression analysis; the latter is used to implement spatial inferential analysis as regards LST. Moreover, on the basis of a “what if” assessment, the impact of future afforestation, as regards rural areas, is detected with respect to decrease in LST, building on the outcomes of the model which relates LST to land cover types. The Sardinian region is taken as case study because its climate homogeneity and its self-containment allow for a pretty straightforward identification of the regional boundaries. The correlation between the spatial distribution of LST and land cover reveals, in the two time periods, that urbanization and the spatial dynamics of heating phenomena are closely connected. The methodology can be easily implemented in other regional contexts, and comparison of analogies and differences are quite effective and useful in identifying stylized facts and policy implications.</p> Federica Leone, Sabrina Lai, Corrado Zoppi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7143 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Causes of residential mobility and Turkey practice http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7122 <p>Residential mobility is an economic and social recovery process that determines urban growth and regional development. The urban population relocates due to the events in their lives or their dissatisfaction with the conditions. Such individual movements play a role in the construction of urban geography. The aim of the present study was to discuss the factors that affect the residential mobility in Ortahisar district in Trabzon, Turkey. To determine the mobility, a survey was conducted with 445 individuals in 11 neighborhoods with different socio-demographic, economic and physical attributes in Trabzon urban center. The survey findings were analyzed based on a) the analysis of the socio-demographic structure of households, b) evaluation of the residential buildings, c) the analysis of historical mobility, and d) the assessments of causality in mobility. In the study, the causal factors were analyzed based on the life cycle, life course and satisfaction approaches and mobility classification available in the literature, and the study findings were analyzed with descriptive statistics. It was determined that residential ownership, the structure of the household members, and proximity to the workplace factors were effective on residential mobility in Trabzon.</p> Seda Özlü, Dilek Beyazli ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7122 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Project role for climate change in the urban regeneration. Reinventing cities winning projects in Milan and Rome http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7158 <p>The effects of the climate change employ a strong impact on the city and on the inhabitants, in fact the risk appears to be particularly clear in the metropolis. The urban setting fulfils a leading role in the consequences on the climate situation and the cities turn out to be the mainly responsible for the emissions of pollutants. In this situation the urban regeneration, as an opportunity to operate on the city’s “wounds” through an accurate plan, tries to improve the reactions of the urban territory even in terms of environmental sustainability. Becomes particularly important summarising the different kinds of knowledge of the various disciplines to assure the management of complex processes, like those of the transforming city that need a new way to intervene in the urban project. The urban regeneration is a “multidisciplinary container” that can efficaciously face the needs of the territory, a way to obtain the urban quality. The Italian metropolis manifest the will to align to the international expectations through the implementation of targeted urban regeneration built-in programs. The Reinventing Cities projects present solutions attributable to those typological features necessary by now in the sustainable urban regeneration projects, showing vision of a renewed architectural projects.</p> Veronica Strippoli ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7158 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Covid-19 pandemic from the elderly perspective in urban areas: An evaluation of urban green areas in 10 European capitals http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7007 <p>The global Covid-19 pandemic has reshaped lives and activities, especially in urban areas: national and regional authorities have had to react promptly to limit the spread of the coronavirus and avoid the collapse of healthy provision systems. Urban environments, as noted in several World Health Organization reports, are fertile ground for an epidemic’s rapid transformation into a pandemic due to their high densities of people, activities, structures and networks. Cities around the world have thus rapidly reorganised to manage the coronavirus crisis. This paper focuses on the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in European countries during the initial emergency phase and the importance of safe access to and uniform distribution of urban services. We focus on urban green areas as a means of achieving better quality of life, especially for vulnerable groups like the elderly. We selected 10 capital cities (Amsterdam, Brussels, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dublin, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Paris and Rome) to reflect the heterogeneous demographic, social and economic panoramas of European countries and cities. The outcomes of this study can support decision-makers in defining priority actions to reduce the negative impacts on the elderly in the coexistence phase of the pandemic and for future development.</p> Gerardo Carpentieri, Carmen Guida, Ottavia Fevola, Sabrina Sgambati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7007 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Transit oriented development: theory and implementation challenges in Ghana. http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6981 <p>Transit Oriented Development (TOD), encourages densification around transport nodes with a combination of work, educational facilities, commercial activities and other basic services. Implementing TOD in Ghana would however, be a faced with a number of challenges. The systematic review approach which is based on published scholarly works was adopted. The paper aimed at exploring the major characteristics, benefits and the institutional and operational challenges of TOD in Accra. The paper identified the possible benefits of TOD in Accra to include reduction in motorisation and congestion, promotion of walkability and other forms of non-motorised transport, public transit ridership and improvement in the liveability of neighbourhoods. The challenges that would be associated with the implementation of TOD in Accra include the absence of a clear policy initiative of the concept in Ghanaian cities; inadequate budgetary support for strategic urban land use planning and for development control; the existence of different ownership regimes within a sizeable stretch of land; and the existence of an ill-planned urban transportation system. Policy options suggested included a new housing policy that will encourage densification, mixed-income housing schemes with stronger government-private and sustainable financing schemes; and a planning regime that integrates transportation, land use and housing development.</p> Kwabena Koforobour Agyemang, Regina Obilie Amoako-Sakyi, Kwabena Barima Antwi, Collins Adjei Mensah, Albert Machistey Abane ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6981 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Spatial policy in cities during the Covid-19 pandemic in Poland http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7146 <p>The ‘geographic’ aim of the study is to find the regularity of the increase in the number of infections in larger cities and their surroundings. The goal related to the science of public policy is to determine the implemented and potential effects related to spatial policy in Polish cities. The geographic part of this publication uses the available data on the development of the number of identified (recorded) infections. The part of the paper related to the accomplishment of the goal covering the sphere of public policy is primarily of an overview nature. It contains the characteristics of the spatial management system in Poland (including tools affecting the broadest impact on urban space) and the introduced and potential changes caused by the pandemic.</p> Przemysław Śleszyński, Maciej Nowak, Małgorzata Blaszke ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7146 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The contribution of a tramway to pedestrian vitality http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7197 <p>Pedestrian movement in the public environment is important in supporting local public life, commerce and physical activity. Countering the decline in the presence of people on the streets is a major focus of urban planning in a wide variety of urban contexts. This research investigates the contribution of a tramway to local pedestrian movement, using the Hong Kong Tramway (HKT) as a case. Flow counts were collected in a field study of the tram corridor that enabled regression analysis. Pedestrian flow was positively related to the following, in descending order of importance: feeder street pedestrian flow, tram alighting rates and irregular crossing rates. These factors cumulatively account for 39% of pedestrian volume on tram corridor segments. Pedestrian flow is negatively related to the degree of barrier fencing and block size. The tram is also used to transit between walking segments, effectively enlarging the individual walking environment. The findings suggest spatial planning measures associated with higher pedestrian flow.</p> John Zacharias ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7197 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 After recovery: new urban emergencies http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7178 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships between urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each sections examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban planning literature review section aims at presenting recent books and journals, within global scientific panorama, on selected topics and issues. This contribution aims at discussing the main impacts and consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on our lives and urban systems. While for the last issue of TeMA, this section of the journal was dedicated to the emergency phase, according to the new policy and strategic actions aimed at improving the coexistence of the new coronavirus within urban environments, this contribution is focused on how policy makers can enhance urban resilience, in sight of potential new health crisis.</p> Carmen Guida ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7178 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Strategies and guidelines for urban sustainability: the explosion of micromobility from Covid-19 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7241 <div>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made of five parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular: the Town Planning International Rules and Legislation Overview section aims at presenting the latest updates in the territorial and urban legislative sphere. Urban patterns and their intrinsic relationships have completely changed since Covid-19. In particular, the mobility subsystem has undergone a significant change, inducing users to use "soft" such as micromobility. Micromobility is now on the rise, especially in large cities, but at the same time the lack of dedicated routes pushes researchers and technicians in the area to find solutions capable of providing rules to users. This section examines the legislative decrees issued by the Italian government to promote a sustainable mode of travel for cities such as micromobility.</div> Federica Gaglione ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7241 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Toward greener and pandemic-proof cities: EU cities policy responses to Covid-19 outbreak http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7251 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban practices section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie the challenges that the cities have to face. The present note provides an overview of the policies and initiatives undertaken in three European cities in response to the Covid-19 outbreak: Milan, Paris and Brussels. A cross-city analysis is used to derive a taxonomy of urban policy measures. The contribution discusses the effectiveness of each measures in providing answers to epidemic threats in urban areas while, at the same time, improving the sustainability and resilience of urban communities. </span></p> Gennaro Angiello ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7251 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Entrepreneurship in the city: sustainability and green entrepreneurs http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7292 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Economy, business and land use section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie socio-economic relationships between firms and territories. The present note underlines the benefits that entrepreneurship exerts on the city, with a specific focus on sustainability and green entrepreneurs. These ones are individuals who start business ventures without just seeking their profit maximization as a unique goal, but rather contribute to the sustainable development of the communities in which they are embedded. However, in order for them to have positive and long-lasting impacts, they need to cooperate with networks that embed several stakeholders and mainly local governments.</span></p> Stefano Franco ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.tema.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7292 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000